- - cortical d. d. resulting from bilateral lesions of the primary receptive area of the temporal lobe.- sudden d. a profound sensory hearing loss that develops in 24 hrs or less; generally thought to be due to a viral infection in the inner ear.- word d. SYN: auditory aphasia.
* * *n.partial or total loss of hearing in one or both ears. Conductive deafness is due to a defect in the conduction of sound from the external ear to the inner ear. This may be due to perforations of the eardrum, fluid or infection in the middle ear (see glue ear, otitis), or disorders of the small bones in the middle ear (ossicle). Sensorineural (or perceptive) deafness may be due to a lesion of the cochlea in the inner ear, the auditory nerve, or the auditory centres in the brain. It may be present from birth (for example if the mother was affected with German measles during pregnancy). In adults it may be brought on by injury, disease (e.g. Ménière's disease), or prolonged exposure to loud noise; progressive sensorineural deafness (presbyacusis) is common with advancing age.The type of deafness can be diagnosed by various hearing tests (see Rinne's test, Weber's test, audiogram), and the treatment depends on the cause. See also cochlear implant, hearing aid, hearing therapy.
* * *deaf·ness (defґnis) hearing loss; lack or significant deficiency of the sense of hearing. For specific types, see under hearing loss.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
Look at other dictionaries:
Deafness — Deaf ness, n. 1. Incapacity of perceiving sounds; the state of the organs which prevents the impression which constitute hearing; want of the sense of hearing. [1913 Webster] 2. Unwillingness to hear; voluntary rejection of what is addressed to… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
deafness — late 14c., from DEAF (Cf. deaf) + NESS (Cf. ness) … Etymology dictionary
deafness — See deafly. * * * Partial or total inability to hear. In conduction deafness, the passage of sound vibrations through the ear is interrupted. The obstacle may be earwax, a ruptured eardrum, or stapes fixation, which prevents the stapes bone from… … Universalium
Deafness — (Roget s Thesaurus) < N PARAG:Deafness >N GRP: N 1 Sgm: N 1 deafness deafness hardness of hearing surdity| Sgm: N 1 inaudibility inaudibility inaudibleness PARAG:Deafness >V GRP: V 1 Sgm: V 1 be deaf be deaf &c. >Adj … English dictionary for students
deafness — n. partial or total loss of hearing in one or both ears. Conductive deafness is due to a defect in the conduction of sound from the external ear to the inner ear. This may be due to perforations of the eardrum, fluid or infection in the middle… … The new mediacal dictionary
deafness — n. acquired; congenital deafness * * * [ defnɪs] congenital deafness acquired … Combinatory dictionary
deafness — (New American Roget s College Thesaurus) Lack of ability to hear Nouns 1. deafness, hardness of hearing, hearing impairment, hearing loss, loss of hearing, surdity; deaf mutism. 2. (communication with deaf) lip reading, deaf and dumb alphabet,… … English dictionary for students
deafness — deaf ► ADJECTIVE 1) without the faculty of hearing or having impaired hearing. 2) (deaf to) unwilling to listen or respond to. ● fall on deaf ears Cf. ↑fall on deaf ears ● turn a deaf ear Cf. ↑tu … English terms dictionary
deafness — noun partial or complete loss of hearing • Syn: ↑hearing loss • Derivationally related forms: ↑deaf • Hypernyms: ↑hearing impairment, ↑hearing disorder • Hyponyms: ↑ … Useful english dictionary
deafness — noun see deaf … New Collegiate Dictionary