deformity


deformity
A permanent structural deviation from the normal shape, size, or alignment, resulting in disfigurement; may be congenital or acquired. SEE ALSO: deformation (1).
- Åkerlund d. indentation (incisura) with niche of duodenal cap as demonstrated radiographically.
- Arnold-Chiari d. [MIM*207950] SYN: Arnold-Chiari malformation.
- bell clapper d. a testis and epididymis free of the usual posterior attachment of the tunica vaginalis such that the tunic inserts high on the spermatic cord leaving the gonad more likely to undergo torsion.
- boutonnière d. flexion of the proximal interphalangeal joint with hyperextension of the distal interphalangeal joint of the finger, caused by separation of the extensor hood and protrusion of the head of the proximal phalanx through the resulting “buttonhole”; can result from degeneration (rheumatoid arthritis) or trauma.
- contracture d. d. of a limb without discernable primary changes of bone.
- Erlenmeyer flask d. a d. at the distal end of the femur caused by a failure of the shaft of the bone to develop to its normal tubular shape, with the result that the bone is wide for a much longer distance up the shaft than normal; encountered in Gaucher disease. [resemblance to an E. flask]
- gunstock d. a form of cubitus varus resulting from supracondylar or condylar fracture at the elbow in which the axis of the extended forearm is not continuous with that of the arm but is displaced toward midline.
- Haglund d. SYN: Haglund disease.
- J-sella d. pear-shaped or J-shaped d. of sella turcica caused by increased pressure on growing sphenoid bone; noted in the mucopolysaccharide storage diseases.
- keyhole d. mucosal ectropion at the posterior edge of the anus following sphincterotomy at that location.
- lobster-claw d. See ectrodactyly.
- Madelung d. a distal radioulnar subluxation due to a relative deficiency of axial growth of the medial side of the distal radius, which, as a consequence, is abnormally inclined proximally and ulnarwards. SYN: carpus curvus.
- mermaid malformation SYN: sirenomelia.
- parachute d. SYN: parachute mitral valve.
- reduction d. congenital absence or attenuation of one or more body parts; usually of the limbs or limb components.
- silver-fork d. the d. resembling the curve of the back of a fork seen in Colles (distal radius) fracture.
- Sprengel d. congenital elevation of the scapula. SYN: scapula elevata.
- torsional d. in orthopedics, a d. caused by an abnormal rotation of a portion of an extremity with relationship to the long axis of the entire extremity.
- whistling d. d. caused by insufficient tissue in the lower border of a repaired cleft lip, giving the appearance of whistling.
- Whitehead d. circumferential mucosal ectropion at the anus following Whitehead operation.

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de·for·mi·ty di-'fȯr-mət-ē n, pl -ties
1) the state of being deformed
2) a physical blemish or distortion <deformities caused by thalidomide>

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de·form·i·ty (də-forґmĭ-te) distortion of any part or general disfigurement of the body.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Deformity — De*form i*ty, n.; pl. {Deformities}. [L. deformitas, fr. deformis: cf. OF. deformet[ e], deformit[ e], F. difformit[ e]. See {Deform}, v. & a., and cf. {Disformity}.] 1. The state of being deformed; want of proper form or symmetry; any unnatural… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • deformity — early 15c., diformyte, from O.Fr. deformité deformity, disfigurement, from L. deformitatem (nom. deformitas) ugliness, from deformis misformed, misshapen, from deformare (see DEFORM (Cf. deform)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • deformity — deformity. = malformation (см.). (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • deformity — deformity. См. тератоморфа. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • deformity — index defacement, defect, distortion, flaw Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • deformity — [n] disfigurement, distortion aberration, abnormality, asymmetry, buckle, contortion, corruption, crookedness, damage, defacement, defect, depravity, evil, grossness, hideousness, impairment, injury, irregularity, knot, malconformation,… …   New thesaurus

  • deformity — ► NOUN (pl. deformities) 1) a deformed part, especially of the body. 2) the state of being deformed …   English terms dictionary

  • deformity — [dē fôr′mə tē, difôr′mə tē] n. pl. deformities [ME deformite < OFr deformité < L deformitas < deformis, misshapen < de , from + forma, FORM] 1. the condition of being deformed 2. a) abnormal bodily formation b) a deformed or… …   English World dictionary

  • Deformity — A deformed sucker cluster on an arm of an octopus A deformity, dysmorphism, or dysmorphic feature is a major difference in the shape of body part or organ compared to the average shape of that part. Deformity may arise from numerous causes: A… …   Wikipedia

  • deformity — [[t]dɪfɔ͟ː(r)mɪti[/t]] deformities 1) N COUNT A deformity is a part of someone s body which is not the normal shape because of injury or illness, or because they were born this way. ...facial deformities in babies. 2) N UNCOUNT Deformity is the… …   English dictionary

  • deformity — UK [dɪˈfɔː(r)mətɪ] / US [dɪˈfɔrmətɪ] noun [countable/uncountable] Word forms deformity : singular deformity plural deformities a part of someone s body that is not the usual shape …   English dictionary


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