Cranium


Cranium
The top portion of the skull which protects the brain. The bones of the cranium include the frontal, parietal, occipital, temporal, sphenoid, and ethmoid bones.
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The bones of the head collectively. In a more limited sense, the neurocranium, the bony brain case containing the brain, excluding the bones of the face (viscerocranium). SYN: skull. [Mediev. L. fr. G. kranion]
- c. bifidum, bifid c. SYN: encephalocele.
- c. cerebrale, cerebral c. SYN: neurocranium.
- c. viscerale, visceral c. SYN: viscerocranium.

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cra·ni·um 'krā-nē-əm n, pl -ni·ums or -nia -nē-ə SKULL specif BRAINCASE

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n.
the part of the skeleton that encloses the brain. It consists of eight bones connected together by immovable joints (see skull).
cranial adj.

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cra·ni·um (kraґne-əm) gen. craґnii pl. craґnia [L., from Gr. kranion the upper part of the head] [TA] the large round superior part of the skull, enclosing the brain and made up of the cranial bones; see ossa cranii, under os.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

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  • Cranium — Жанры Спид метал Трэш метал Годы 1984 2001 Страна …   Википедия

  • cranium — 1540s, from M.L. cranium, from Gk. kranion skull, upper part of the head, related to kara (poetic kras) head, from PIE root *ker horn, head. Strictly, the bones which enclose the brain …   Etymology dictionary

  • Cranium — Cra ni*um (kr? n? ?m), n.; pl. E. {Craniums} ( ?mz), L. {Crania} ( ?). [NL., fr. Gr. ????; akin to ka ra head.] The skull of an animal; especially, that part of the skull, either cartilaginous or bony, which immediately incloses the brain; the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Cranĭum [1] — Cranĭum (v. gr.), der Hirnschädel …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cranĭum [2] — Cranĭum (a. Geogr.), Ort in Illyrien; jetzt Krainburg …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Cranĭum — (lat.), Hirnschädel, Schädel (s.d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Cranium — ⇒ Schädel …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • cranium — ► NOUN (pl. craniums or crania) ▪ the skull, especially the part enclosing the brain. ORIGIN Latin, from Greek kranion …   English terms dictionary

  • cranium — [krā′nē əm] n. pl. craniums or crania [krā′nēə] [ML < Gr kranion < IE base * ker > HORN, L cerebrum, Ger hirn, brain] 1. the skull 2. the bones forming the enclosure of the brain; brainpan 3. the skull, excluding the lower jaw …   English World dictionary

  • Cranium — Die Bezeichnung Cranium hat mehrere Bedeutungen: Der lateinische Ausdruck für den Schädel Ein Brettspiel zum Raten und Denken, siehe Cranium (Spiel) Diese Seite ist eine Begriffsklärung zur Unterscheidung mehrerer mit demselben Wor …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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