digitoxin


digitoxin
A cardioactive glycoside obtained from the leaves of Digitalis purpurea; it is more completely absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract than is digitalis. Largely eliminated by hepatic metabolism. SYN: crystalline digitalin.

* * *

dig·i·tox·in .dij-ə-'täk-sən n a poisonous glycoside C41H64O13 that is the most active constituent of digitalis also a mixture of digitalis glycosides consisting chiefly of digitoxin

* * *

n.
a drug that increases heart muscle contraction and is used in heart failure. It is slow-acting but the effects are prolonged. Digitoxin is administered by mouth; possible side-effects include nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, and abnormal heart activity. See also digitalization.

* * *

dig·i·tox·in (dij″ĭ-tokґsin) [USP] a cardiac glycoside obtained from Digitalis purpurea, D. lanata, and other Digitalis species, containing 3 molecules of digitoxose linked to digitoxigenin; it has the same actions and uses as digitalis; administered orally, intramuscularly, or intravenously.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Digitoxin — Systematic (IUPAC) name (3β,5β) 3 [(O 2,6 dideoxy β D ribo hexapyranosyl (1 >4) 2,6 dideoxy β D ribo hexopyranosyl)oxy] 14 hydroxycard 20(22) enolide Clinical data …   Wikipedia

  • digitoxin — dig i*tox in (d[i^]j [i^]*t[o^]k s[i^]n), n. (Chem.) A steroid glycoside, one of the cardiotonic chemical substances which is extracted from the foxglove. It is a white, crystalline substance ({C41H64O13}), and is a 3 substituted triglucoside of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Digitoxīn — Digitoxīn, s. Digitalin …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • digitoxin — [dij΄i täk′sin] n. [ DIGI(TALIS) + TOXIN] a glycoside, C41H64O13, extracted from digitalis leaves, like digitalis in physiological action, but more potent …   English World dictionary

  • Digitoxin — Strukturformel Allgemeines Freiname Digitoxin Andere Namen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • digitoxin — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary, blend of New Latin Digitalis and International Scientific Vocabulary toxin Date: circa 1883 a poisonous cardiotonic glycoside C41H64O13 that is the most active constituent of digitalis; …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • digitoxin — /dij i tok sin/, n. Pharm. a white, crystalline, water insoluble cardiac glycoside, C41H64O13, or a mixture of cardiac glycosides of which this is the chief constituent, obtained from digitalis and used in the treatment of congestive heart… …   Universalium

  • digitoxin — noun A toxic cardiac glycoside, obtained from digitalis, related to cardenolide …   Wiktionary

  • Digitoxin — Di|gi|to|xin 〈n. 11; unz.; Pharm.〉 Glykosid, das aus den Digitalisblättern gewonnen wird u. insbesondere zur Behandlung von Herzkrankheiten eingesetzt wird [<Digi(talis) + Toxin] * * * Di|gi|to|xin [nlat. Digitalis = Fingerhut (Bot.); ↑ Toxin] …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Digitoxin — Di|gi|to|xin 〈n.; Gen.: s; Pl.: unz.; Pharm.〉 Glykosid, das aus den Digitalisblättern gewonnen wird und insbesondere zur Behandlung von Herzkrankheiten eingesetzt wird [Etym.: <Digitalis + Toxin] …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.