ego


ego
In psychoanalysis, one of the three components of the psychic apparatus in the freudian structural framework, the other two being the id and superego. Although the e. has some conscious components, many of its functions are learned and automatic. It occupies a position between the primal instincts (pleasure principle) and the demands of the outer world (reality principle), and therefore mediates between the person and external reality by performing the important functions of perceiving the needs of the self, both physical and psychological, and the qualities and attitudes of the environment. It evaluates, coordinates, and integrates these perceptions so that internal demands can be adjusted to external requirements, and is also responsible for certain defensive functions to protect the person against the demands of the id and superego. [L. I]

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ego 'ē-(.)gōalso 'eg-(.)ō n, pl egos
1) the self esp. as contrasted with another self or the world
2) the one of the three divisions of the psyche in psychoanalytic theory that serves as the organized conscious mediator between the person and reality esp. by functioning both in the perception of and adaptation to reality compare ID, SUPEREGO

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n.
(in psychoanalysis) the part of the mind that develops from a person's experience of the outside world and is most in touch with external realities. In Freudian terms the ego is said to reconcile the demands of the id (the instinctive unconscious mind), the superego (moral conscience), and reality.

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(eґgo) [L. “I”] in modern psychoanalytic theory, the psychologic segment of the personality, dominated by the reality principle, comprising integrative and executive aspects that function to adapt the forces and pressures exerted by the impulses of the id, the demands of the superego, and the requirements of external reality through conscious perception, thought, reasoning, learning, and all other activities necessary to interact effectively with the world. Cf. id1 and superego.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ego — ego …   Dictionnaire des rimes

  • Égo — Ego Voir « ego » sur le Wiktionnaire. Ego …   Wikipédia en Français

  • ego — [ ego ] n. m. inv. • 1886; mot lat. « je », par l all. ♦ Philos. Le sujet, l unité transcendantale du moi (depuis Kant). ⇒ je, moi. ♢ Psychan. Le moi. ⊗ HOM. Égaux (égal). ● ego nom masculin invariable (calque de l allemand das Ich, le je, d… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ego — ego; ego·cen·tric·i·ty; ego·cen·trism; ego·hood; ego·ism; ego·ist; ego·is·tic; ego·ity; ego·ma·nia; ego·ma·ni·ac; ego·tism; ego·tist; ego·tize; non·ego; su·per·ego; ego·cen·tric; ego·is·ti·cal; ego·is·ti·cal·ly; ego·ma·ni·a·cal; ego·tis·tic;… …   English syllables

  • EGO — is a Latin word meaning I , cognate with the Greek Εγώ (Ego) meaning I and may refer to: * Ego, super ego, and id, a psycho analytic concept of Sigmund Freud * Ego (spirituality), a sense of doership or sense of individual existence * Ego the… …   Wikipedia

  • Ego — Ego, (v. griech. bzw. lat. Ich), bezeichnet den Selbst Sinn (Selbstbewusstsein und Selbstaktivität) und ist unter der Bezeichnung Ich Gegenstand der Psychologie, der Philosophie, der Soziologie, der Religion und weiterer Wissenschaften.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ego — e go, n.; pl. {egos}. [L., I.] The conscious and permanent subject of all psychical experiences, whether held to be directly known or the product of reflective thought; the subject consciously considered as I by a person; opposed to {non ego}.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • ego — / ɛgo/ s.m. [dal lat. ĕgo io ], invar. (psicanal.) [la propria persona in quanto espressione di autocoscienza] ▶◀ io. ‖ Es, super ego, super io …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Ego — das; , s <aus lat. ego »ich«> das Ich (Philos.); vgl. ↑Alter Ego …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • ego — 1714, as a term in metaphysics, from L. ego I (cognate with O.E. ic, see I (Cf. I)). Psychoanalytic sense is from 1894; sense of conceit is 1891. Ego trip first recorded 1969. In the book of Egoism it is written, Possession without obligation to… …   Etymology dictionary

  • ego — ȇgo m <G ȇga> DEFINICIJA 1. psih. u psihoanalitičkom smislu stupanj strukture ličnosti koji ulazi u odnose sa stvarnošću, stvara ravnotežu između nagonskih (id) i moralno etičkih (super ego) težnji i vrijednosti čovjeka; spoznajni i… …   Hrvatski jezični portal