enterotoxin


enterotoxin
A cytotoxin specific for the cells of the intestinal mucosa.
- Clostridium perfringens e. a toxin produced by Clostridium perfringens that alters membrane permeability.
- cytotonic e. an e. which morphologically changes, but does not kill, the target cell.
- Escherichia coli e. e. produced by certain strains (serotypes) of Escherichia coli, seemingly associated with a transferable plasmid.
- staphylococcal e. a soluble exotoxin produced by some strains of Staphylococcus aureus, and a cause of food poisoning.

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en·tero·tox·in .ent-ə-rō-'täk-sən n a toxic substance that is produced by microorganisms (as some staphylococci) and causes gastrointestinal symptoms (as in some forms of food poisoning or cholera)

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n.
a poisonous substance that has a particularly marked effect upon the gastrointestinal tract, causing vomiting, diarrhoea, and abdominal pain.

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en·tero·tox·in (enґtər-o-tok″sin) [entero- + toxin] a toxin specifically affecting cells of the intestinal mucosa, causing vomiting and diarrhea, e.g., those elaborated by species of Bacillus, Clostridium, Escherichia, Staphylococcus, and Vibrio. See also toxin.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Enterotoxin — An enterotoxin (not to be confused with endotoxin) is a protein toxin released by a microorganism in the intestine. Enterotoxins are frequently cytotoxic and kill cells by altering the permeability of the epithelial cells of the intestinal wall.… …   Wikipedia

  • enterotoxin — noun a cytotoxin specific for the cells of the intestinal mucosa • Hypernyms: ↑cytotoxin • Hyponyms: ↑staphylococcal enterotoxin …   Useful english dictionary

  • enterotoxin — noun Date: circa 1928 a toxin that is produced by microorganisms (as some staphylococci) and causes gastrointestinal symptoms (as in some forms of food poisoning or cholera) …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Enterotoxin — Enterotoxine (griechisch von enteron = Darm und toxíne = giftig) sind Gifte, welche den Darm angreifen und oft Verursacher von Nahrungsmittelvergiftungen mit nachfolgender Gastroenteritis sind. Es handelt sich um Proteine, die von manchen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • enterotoxin — (en ter o tok sin) A toxin specifically affecting the cells of the intestinal mucosa, causing vomiting and diarrhea …   Dictionary of microbiology

  • enterotoxin — /en teuh roh tok sin/, n. Pathol. a toxic substance produced by certain bacteria that on ingestion causes violent vomiting and diarrhea. [1935 40; ENTERO + TOXIN] * * * …   Universalium

  • enterotoxin — noun Any of several toxins produced by intestinal bacteria …   Wiktionary

  • Enterotoxin — Entero|toxi̱n [↑Enteron u. ↑Toxin] s; s, e: Bakteriengift, das zu schweren Vergiftungserscheinungen mit Brechdurchfällen und Kollaps führt …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • Enterotoxin — En|te|ro|to|xin das; s, e: Bakteriengift, das zu schweren Vergiftungserscheinungen mit Brechdurchfällen u. ↑Kollaps führt (Med.) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

  • enterotoxin — n. toxin which originates in the intestine (causes food poisoning) …   English contemporary dictionary


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