- The study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations, and the application of this study to control of health problems. [G. epidemios, epidemic, + logos, study]- genetic e. the branch of e. that studies the role of genetic factors and their interactions with environmental factors in the occurrence of disease in various populations.- molecular e. the use in epidemiologic studies of techniques of molecular biology such as DNA typing.
* * *1) a branch of medical science that deals with the incidence, distribution, and control of disease in a population2) the sum of the factors controlling the presence or absence of a disease or pathogenep·i·de·mi·o·log·i·cal -.dē-mē-ə-'läj-i-kəl, -.dem-ē- also ep·i·de·mi·o·log·ic -ik adjep·i·de·mi·o·log·i·cal·ly -i-k(ə-)lē adv
* * *n.the study of the occurrence, distribution, and control of infectious and noninfectious diseases in populations, which is a basic part of public health medicine. Originally restricted to the study of epidemic infectious diseases, such as smallpox and cholera, it now covers all forms of disease that relate to the environment and ways of life. It thus includes the study of the links between smoking and cancer, and diet and coronary disease, as well as communicable disease.
* * *ep·i·de·mi·ol·o·gy (ep″ĭ-de″me-olґə-je) [epidemic + -logy] the science concerned with the study of the factors determining and influencing the frequency and distribution of disease, injury, and other health-related events and their causes in a defined human population for the purpose of establishing programs to prevent and control their development and spread. Also, the sum of knowledge gained in such a study.
Medical dictionary. 2011.
См. также в других словарях:
epidemiology — ep i*de mi*ol o*gy, n. [Epidemy + logy.] (Med.) That branch of medicine which studies the incidence and distribution of disease in a population, and uses such information to find the causes, modes of transmission, and methods for control of… … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
epidemiology — вЂњstudy of epidemics,вЂќ 1873, from Gk. epidemios вЂњepidemicвЂќ (see EPIDEMIC (Cf. epidemic)) + LOGY (Cf. logy). Related: Epidemiological; epidemiologist … Etymology dictionary
epidemiology — [ep΄ə dē΄mē äl′ə jē, ep΄ədem΄ēäl′ə jē] n. [Gr epidēmios (see EPIDEMIC) + LOGY] 1. the branch of medicine that investigates the causes and control of epidemics 2. all the elements contributing to the occurrence or nonoccurrence of a disease in a… … English World dictionary
Epidemiology — For the Community episode, see Epidemiology (Community). Epidemiology is the study of health event, health characteristic, or health determinant patterns in a population. It is the cornerstone method of public health research, and helps inform… … Wikipedia
epidemiology — epidemiological /ep i dee mee euh loj i keuhl, dem ee /, adj. epidemiologically, adv. epidemiologist, n. /ep i dee mee ol euh jee, dem ee /, n. the branch of medicine dealing with the incidence and prevalence of disease in large populations and… … Universalium
epidemiology — UK [ˌepɪdiːmɪˈɒlədʒɪ] / US [ˌepɪdɪmɪˈɑlədʒɪ] noun [uncountable] Word forms epidemiology : singular epidemiology plural epidemiologies the scientific study of infectious diseases and their causes Derived word: epidemiologist noun countable Word… … English dictionary
epidemiology — The analysis of the incidence and spread of disease within populations, with the aim of establishing causality. The modern science of epidemiology is often said to have originated with John Snow s identification of a particular source of drinking … Dictionary of sociology
epidemiology — epidemiologija statusas T sritis biomedicinos mokslai apibrėžtis Mokslas apie sveikatos sutrikimų ir juos lemiančių veiksnių atsiradimą bei plitimą tam tikroje ↑populiacijoje ir profilaktikos priemonių taikymo galimybes bei veiksmingumą.… … Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)
epidemiology — noun Etymology: Late Latin epidemia + International Scientific Vocabulary logy Date: circa 1860 1. a branch of medical science that deals with the incidence, distribution, and control of disease in a population 2. the sum of the factors… … New Collegiate Dictionary
epidemiology — n. [Gr. epi, upon; demos, the people; logos, discourse] A science that deals with all ecological aspects of disease including transmission, distribution, prevalence, and incidence … Dictionary of invertebrate zoology
epidemiology — (epi de me ol o je) The study of the factors determining and influencing the frequency and distribution of disease, injury, and other health related events and their causes in defined human populations … Dictionary of microbiology