exanthema


exanthema
A skin eruption occurring as a symptom of an acute viral or coccal disease, as in scarlet fever or measles. SYN: exanthem. [G. efflorescence, an eruption, fr. anthos, flower]
- Boston e. a viral disease resembling e. subitum, with the e., if it develops, appearing after the fever has subsided; it is caused by strain 16 of ECHO virus. [after the city in which an epidemic occurred]
- epidemic e. SYN: epidemic polyarthritis.
- keratoid e. a symptom occurring in the secondary stage of yaws : patches of fine, light colored, furfuraceous desquamation, scattered irregularly over limbs and trunk.
- e. subitum a disease of infants and young children caused by herpesvirus-6, marked by sudden onset with fever lasting several days (sometimes with convulsions) and followed by a fine macular (sometimes maculopapular) rash that appears within a few hours to a day after the fever has subsided. SYN: Dukes disease, fourth disease, pseudorubella, roseola infantilis, roseola infantum, sixth disease.

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ex·an·the·ma (eg″zan-theґmə) pl. exanthemas, exanthemґata [Gr. exanthēma] exanthem.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Exanthema — Ex an*the ma, n.; pl. {Exanthemata}. [L., fr. Gr.?, fr.? to burst forth as flowers, break out, as ulcers; ?, ?, out + anqei^n to bloom, a nqos flower: cf. F. exanth[ e]me.] (Med.) An efflorescence or discoloration of the skin; an eruption or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Exanthema — Exanthema, griech., Blüte; Hautausschlag …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • exanthema — /ɛksænˈθimə/ (say eksan theemuh) noun (plural exanthemata /ɛksænˈθimətə/ (say eksan theemuhtuh)) 1. Pathology an eruption or rash on the skin, especially one attended with fever. 2. See vesicular exanthema. {Late Latin, from Greek exanthēma a… …   Australian English dictionary

  • exanthema — [ɪk sanθɪmə, ˌɛksan θi:mə] noun (plural exanthemata) Medicine a skin rash accompanying a disease or fever. Derivatives exanthematic adjective exanthematous adjective Origin C17: via late L. from Gk exanthēma eruption …   English new terms dictionary

  • exanthema — n. Med. a skin rash accompanying any eruptive disease or fever. Etymology: LL f. Gk exanthema eruption f. exantheo (as EX (2), anthos blossom) …   Useful english dictionary

  • exanthema — noun see exanthem …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • exanthema — /eg zan thee meuh, ek san /, n., pl. exanthemata / them euh teuh, thee meuh /, exanthemas. exanthem. [1650 60] * * * …   Universalium

  • exanthema — n. skin rash (Medicine) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • exanthema — to (G). An eruption …   Dictionary of word roots and combining forms

  • exanthema — n. [Gr. pl. Exanthemata.] See exanthem …   New dictionary of synonyms


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