fistula


fistula
An abnormal passage from one epithelial surface to another epithelial surface. [L. a pipe, a tube]
- abdominal f. a fistulous passage connecting one of the abdominal viscera to the external surface.
- amphibolic f., amphibolous f. a complete anal f. opening both externally and internally.
- anal f. a f. opening at or near the anus; usually, but not always, opening into the rectum above the internal sphincter.
- arteriovenous f. an abnormal connection, either spontaneous or surgically created, between an artery and a vein.
- f. auris congenita a congenital f. anterior to the root of the helix resulting from a defect in the formation of the auricle of the ear.
- biliary f. a f. leading to some portion of the biliary tract.
- f. bimucosa a complete f., both ends of which open on the mucous surface.
- blind f. a f. that ends in a cul-de-sac, being open at one extremity only. SYN: incomplete f..
- BP f. SYN: bronchopleural f..
- branchial f. a congenital f. in the neck resulting from incomplete closure of a branchial cleft or pouch.
- Brescia-Cimino f. a direct, surgically created, arteriovenous f.; used to facilitate chronic hemodialysis.
- bronchobiliary f. communication between a bronchus and the biliary system, e.g., after a ruptured hepatic abscess.
- bronchocavitary f. a communication between the bronchus and a lung abscess cavity.
- bronchoesophageal f. communication between a bronchus and the esophagus; may occur in association with either infection or tumors involving a bronchus or the esophagus.
- bronchopleural f. communication between a bronchus and the pleural cavity; usually caused by necrotizing pneumonia or empyema; also may follow pulmonary surgery or irradiation. SYN: BP f..
- bronchopleural-cutaneous f. a communication between the tracheobronchial tree and the skin that traverses the pleural space.
- carotid-cavernous f. a fistulous communication, of spontaneous or traumatic origin, between the cavernous sinus and the traversing internal carotid artery; a pulsating unilateral exophthalmos and a detectable cranial bruit are common manifestations.
- cholecystoduodenal f. an abnormal communication between gallbladder and duodenum, often secondary to severe cholecystitis with perforation and abscess formation; when stones are present in the gallbladder they may erode through the adjacent duodenal wall; if large stones pass into the duodenum, they may cause gallstone ileus.
- chyle f. a leak of chyle from a lymph vessel to the skin surface; a complication of radical neck dissection when the thoracic duct is injured.
- colocutaneous f. a fistulous passage connecting the colon and the skin.
- coloileal f. a fistulous passage connecting the colon and the ileum.
- colonic f. 1. internal, a fistulous passage connecting the colon and a hollow viscus; 2. external, a fistulous passage connecting the colon and the skin.
- colovaginal f. a fistulous passage connecting the colon and vagina.
- colovesical f. a fistulous passage connecting the colon and urinary bladder. SYN: vesicocolic f..
- complete f. a f. that is open at both ends.
- congenital pulmonary arteriovenous f. abnormal congenital communication between pulmonary arteries and veins usually found in the lung parenchyma.
- dental f. SYN: gingival f..
- duodenal f. an opening through the duodenal wall and into another epithelial lined organ or through the abdominal wall.
- dural cavernous sinus f. a vascular shunt between the meningeal branches of the internal or external carotid arteries, under artery and the cavernous sinus.
- Eck f. transposition of the portal circulation to the systemic by making an anastomosis between the vena cava and portal vein and then ligating the latter close to the liver.
- enterocutaneous f. a fistulous passage connecting the intestine and skin of the abdomen.
- enterovaginal f. a fistulous passage connecting the intestine and the vagina.
- enterovesical f. a fistulous passage connecting the intestine and the bladder.
- ethmoidal-lacrimal f. a fistulous communication between the lacrimal sac and the ethmoidal sinus. SYN: internal lacrimal f..
- external f. a fistulous pasage connecting a hollow viscus and the skin.
- fecal f. SYN: intestinal f..
- gastric f. a fistulous passage connecting the stomach to the abdominal wall.
- gastrocolic f. a fistulous passage connecting the stomach and the colon.
- gastrocutaneous f. a fistulous passage connecting the stomach and the skin.
- gastroduodenal f. a fistulous passage connecting the stomach to the duodenum.
- gastrointestinal f. a fistulous passage connecting the stomach with the intestine.
- gingival f. a sinus tract originating in a peripheral abscess and opening into the oral cavity on the gingiva. SYN: dental f..
- hepatic f. a fistulous passage leading to the liver.
- hepatopleural f. a fistulous passage connecting the liver and the pleural space.
- horseshoe f. an anal f. partially encircling the anus and opening at both extremities on the cutaneous surface.
- H-type f. a rare form of congenital tracheoesophageal f. in which there is no esophageal atresia, manifest as aspiration pneumonias. SYN: H-type tracheoesophageal f..
- H-type tracheoesophageal f. SYN: H-type f..
- incomplete f. SYN: blind f..
- internal lacrimal f. SYN: ethmoidal-lacrimal f..
- intestinal f. a tract leading from the lumen of the intestine to the exterior. SYN: fecal f..
- labyrinthine f. a f. between a fluid-filled compartment of the inner ear and another fluid-filled compartment in the inner ear (internal) or a space external to the inner ear as the middle ear or mastoid air cells or subarachnoid space (external); it may result in auditory and vestibular disturbances, depending on its location.
- lacrimal f., f. lacrimalis an abnormal opening into a tear duct or the lacrimal sac.
- lacteal f. a fistulous opening into one of the lactiferous ducts. SYN: mammary f..
- lymphatic f. a congenital f. in the neck connecting with a lymphatic vessel and giving exit to lymph.
- mammary f. SYN: lacteal f..
- Mann-Bollman f. a f. used in experimental investigations; a loop of ileum is isolated, the distal (aboral) end is anastomosed laterally to the duodenum or the small intestine, and the open proximal (oral) end is sutured to the abdominal wall; peristaltic waves travel from oral to aboral end, with leakage to the exterior thus reduced to a minimum.
- metroperitoneal f. SYN: uteroperitoneal f..
- oroantral f. a pathologic communication between the oral cavity and the maxillary sinus, most commonly a complication of maxillary or molar tooth extraction.
- orofacial f. a pathologic communication between the oral cavity and the face.
- oronasal f. a pathologic communication between the oral cavity and the nasal cavity.
- parietal f. a f., either blind or complete, opening on the wall of the thorax or abdomen. SYN: thoracic f..
- perilymphatic f. a f. between the vestibule of the inner ear and the middle ear through which perilymph can leak, resulting in auditory and vestibular disturbances; common sites for perilymphatic f. are the oval window through or around the footplate of the stapes or the round window through the round window membrane.
- perineovaginal f. a fistulous passage connecting the perineum and the vagina.
- pilonidal f. SYN: pilonidal sinus.
- pulmonary f. a parietal f. communicating with the lung.
- rectolabial f. a fistulous passage connecting the rectum to the surface of a labium majus. SYN: rectovulvar f..
- rectourethral f. a fistulous passage connecting the rectum and the urethra.
- rectovaginal f. a fistulous passage connecting the rectum and the vagina.
- rectovesical f. a fistulous passage connecting the rectum and the bladder.
- rectovestibular f. a fistulous passage connecting the rectum and the vestibule of the vagina.
- rectovulvar f. SYN: rectolabial f..
- reverse Eck f. side-to-side anastomosis of the portal vein with the inferior vena cava and ligation of the latter above the anastomosis but below the hepatic veins; the blood from the lower part of the body is thus directed through the hepatic circulation.
- salivary f. a pathologic communication between a salivary duct or gland and the cutaneous surface.
- sigmoidovesical f. a fistulous passage connecting the sigmoid colon and urinary bladder.
- spermatic f. a f. communicating with the testis or any of the seminal passages.
- T-E f. SYN: tracheoesophageal f..
- Thiry f. an artificial f. for collecting the intestinal secretions of an animal for experimental purposes; a loop of intestine is isolated, its vascular and nervous connections are preserved, after the continuity of the intestinal tract is restored by an end-to-end anastomosis; one end of the isolated segment is closed, the other attached to the skin of the abdomen.
- Thiry-Vella f. experimental isolation of a segment of intestine in an animal; a loop of intestine is isolated, its vascular and nervous connections are preserved, and continuity of the intestinal tract is restored by an end-to-end anastomosis, each end of the isolated segment is connected to an independent opening in the abdominal wall. SYN: Vella f..
- thoracic f. SYN: parietal f..
- tracheoesophageal f. fistulous passage connecting the trachea and esophagus; often associated with esophageal atresia; may also be acquired; in the adult, etiology is similar to that of bronchoesophageal f.. SYN: T-E f..
- umbilical f. a fistulous passage connecting the intestine or urachus at the umbilicus.
- urachal f. a fistulous passage connecting the urachus with a hollow organ.
- ureterocutaneous f. a f. between the ureter and the skin.
- ureterovaginal f. a f. between the lower ureter and vagina.
- urethrocutaneous f. f. between urethra and penile skin; most likely a complication of hypospadias repair.
- urethrovaginal f. a f. between the urethra and the vagina.
- urinary f. a f. resulting in abnormal drainage of urine to the skin or into another organ.
- uteroperitoneal f. a fistulous passage connecting the cavity of the uterus with the peritoneal cavity. SYN: metroperitoneal f..
- Vella f. SYN: Thiry-Vella f..
- vesicocolic f. SYN: colovesical f..
- vesicocutaneous f. a f. between the bladder and the skin.
- vesicointestinal f. a fistulous passage connecting the urinary bladder and the small intestine.
- vesicouterine f. a f. between the bladder and the uterus.
- vesicovaginal f. f. between the bladder and the vagina.
- vesicovaginorectal f. a fistulous passage connecting the vagina, the bladder, and rectum.
- vitelline f. a f. between the umbilicus and the terminal ileum along the course of a persistent vitelline cord. See Meckel diverticulum.

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fis·tu·la 'fis(h)-chə-lə, Brit also 'fis-tyu̇-lə n, pl -las or -lae -lēalso -lī
1) an abnormal passage that leads from an abscess or hollow organ or part to the body surface or from one hollow organ or part to another and that may be surgically created to permit passage of fluids or secretions <a congenital tracheoesophageal \fistula> <an arteriovenous \fistula was reconstructed in the right arm for dialysis (Pasteur Rasuli )(et al)>
2) FISTULOUS WITHERS

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n. (pl. fistulae)
an abnormal communication between two hollow organs or between a hollow organ and the exterior. Many fistulae are caused by infection or injury. For example, an anal fistula may develop after an abscess in the rectum has burst (see ischiorectal abscess), creating an opening between the anal canal and the surface of the skin. (See also vesicovaginal fistula.) Crohn's disease has a particular tendency to cause fistulae to form between adjacent loops of bowel or from bowel to bladder, vagina, or skin. Some fistulae result from malignant growths or ulceration: a carcinoma of the colon may invade and ulcerate the adjacent wall of the stomach, causing a gastrocolic fistula. Other fistulae develop as complications of surgery: after gall-bladder surgery, for example, bile may continually escape to the surface through the wound producing a biliary fistula. Fistulae may also be a form of congenital abnormality; examples include a tracheo-oesophageal fistula (between the windpipe and gullet) and a rectovaginal fistula (between the rectum and vagina).
An arteriovenous fistula is a surgical connection between an artery and a vein, usually in a limb, to create arterial and venous access for haemodialysis. It can be a direct anastomosis between the artery and vein or a loop connecting the two, which may be autogenous or prosthetic.

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fis·tu·la (fisґtu-lə) pl. fistulas, fisґtulae [L. “pipe”] an abnormal passage or communication, usually between two internal organs, or leading from an organ to the surface of the body; see illustration. Such passages may also be created surgically for arteriovenous access or experimentally to obtain body secretions for physiologic study. fistulous adj

Various types of fistulae, designated according to site or to the organs with which they communicate. (A), Genitourinary fistulae; (B), anal fistulae.


Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Fistula — Classification and external resources MeSH D005402 In medicine, a fistula (pl. fistulas or fistulae) is an abnormal[1] connection or passageway between two epithelium lined organs or vessels that …   Wikipedia

  • FISTULA — instrumentum Musicum pastorale, multo olim in usu. Fiebat autem ex plurius cicutis sive cannis cerâ iunctis. Mart. l. 14. Apopn. Epigr. 63. cuius epigraphe fistula. Quid me compactum ceris et arundine rides? Quae primum exstructa est Fistula,… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Fistula — Fis tu*la (?; 135), n.; pl. {Fistul[ae]}. [L.] 1. A reed; a pipe. [1913 Webster] 2. A pipe for convejing water. [Obs.] Knight. [1913 Webster] 3. (Med.) A permanent abnormal opening into the soft parts with a constant discharge; a deep, narrow,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fístula — f. anat. patol. Trayecto patológico congénito o adquirido que comunica de forma anormal dos órganos o tejidos entre sí, o bien un órgano o tejido con el exterior del organismo. La fístula no tiende a cerrarse ni a curarse espontáneamente. Cuando… …   Diccionario médico

  • fistulă — FÍSTULĂ, fistule, s.f. (med.) Canal format accidental sau în urma unei operaţii, care comunică spre interior cu o glandă sau cu o cavitate naturală ori patologică şi care drenează în afară secreţiile acestora; ulceraţie adâncă într un ţesut al… …   Dicționar Român

  • fístula — s. f. 1.  [Medicina] Orifício ou canal patológico que permite a passagem de matérias orgânicas, como pus, urina ou fezes. 2.  [Medicina] Úlcera. 3.  [Figurado] Vício inveterado; mal incurável. 4.  [Linguagem poética] Flauta pastoril. 5. … …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • fistula — long, narrow ulcer, late 14c., from L. fistula pipe, ulcer, of uncertain origin …   Etymology dictionary

  • fistula — fȉstula ž DEFINICIJA 1. pat. kanal koji vodi iz središta gnojnog procesa do drugog organa ili površine kože ili sluznice, služi za odvođenje gnojnog sekreta 2. glazb. pov. u srednjem vijeku naziv za a. svirale na orguljama b. rij. flauta… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • fístula — sustantivo femenino 1. Área: medicina Conducto anormal que se abre en la piel, que pone en comunicación un órgano o un absceso con el exterior o con otro órgano, y que no se cierra por sí solo. fístula anal …   Diccionario Salamanca de la Lengua Española

  • fístula — (Del lat. fistŭla). 1. f. Cañón o arcaduz por donde pasa el agua u otro líquido. 2. Instrumento musical de viento, parecido a una flauta. 3. Med. Conducto anormal, ulcerado y estrecho, que se abre en la piel o en las membranas mucosas …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • Fistŭla — (lat.), 1) Rohr, Röhre; 2) (F. eucharistica, Canna, gr. Sipho), in der abendländischen Kirche, vom 8. Jahrh. bis zur Kelchentziehung im 12. u. 13. Jahrh., ein Röhrchen, womit die Communicanten beim Abendmahl den Wein aus dem Kelche saugten; es… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon