Disease, His-Werner


Disease, His-Werner
Named for the Swiss physician Wilhelm His, Jr. (who also described the bundle of His in the heart) and the German physician Heinrich Werner (who was not the Werner who described Werner's syndrome). This is a louse-borne disease that was first recognized in the trenches of World War I and so was called trench fever. It is estimated to have affected more than a million people in Russia and on the war fronts in Europe. Trench fever was again a major problem in the military in World War II and is seen endemically in Mexico, Africa, E. Europe, and elsewhere. Urban trench fever occurs among the homeless people and people with alcoholism today. Outbreaks have been documented, for example, in Seattle, Baltimore (among injection-drug users), Marseilles (France) and Burundi. The cause of trench fever is Bartonella quintana (also called Rochalimaea quintana), an unusual rickettsial organism that multiplies in the gut of the body louse. Transmission of the rickettsia to people can occur by rubbing infected louse feces into abraded (scuffed) skin or into the conjunctivae (whites of the eyes). The disease is classically a 5-day fever. The onset of symptoms is sudden with high fever, severe headache, back pain and leg pain and a fleeting rash. Recovery takes a month or more. Relapses are common. It is now clear, that at least in its urban form among the homeless, trench fever can be associated with nonspecific symptoms or no symptoms (New England Journal of Medicine 340: 184-189, 1999). The organism (B. quintana) that causes trench fever also has been found responsible for a disease called bacillary angiomatosis in people infected with HIV and for infection of the heart and great vessels (endocarditis) with bloodstream infection. Trench fever is also called Wolhynia fever, shin bone fever, quintan fever, five-day fever, Meuse fever, His disease, Werner-His disease.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • His-Werner disease — This is a parasite (louse borne) disease that was first recognized in the trenches of World War I and so was called trench fever. It is estimated to have affected more than a million people in Russia and on the war fronts in Europe. Trench fever… …   Medical dictionary

  • Disease, His — Named for the Swiss physician Wilhelm His, Jr. (who also described the bundle of His in the heart), this is a louse borne disease first recognized in the trenches of World War I and so was called trench fever. Trench fever is a disease is… …   Medical dictionary

  • His disease — This is a parasite (louse borne) disease that was first recognized in the trenches of World War I and so was called trench fever. It is estimated to have affected more than a million people in Russia and on the war fronts in Europe. Trench fever… …   Medical dictionary

  • Disease, Werner-His — Named for the German physician Heinrich Werner (who did not describe Werner s premature aging syndrome) and the Swiss physician Wilhelm His, Jr. (who did describe the bundle of His in the heart), this is a louse borne disease that was first… …   Medical dictionary

  • Werner-His disease — Named for the German physician Heinrich Werner (who did not describe Werner s premature aging syndrome) and the Swiss physician Wilhelm His, Jr. (who did describe the bundle of His in the heart), this is a louse borne disease that was first… …   Medical dictionary

  • Werner syndrome — Infobox Disease Name = PAGENAME Caption = DiseasesDB = 14096 ICD10 = ICD9 = ICD9|259.8 ICDO = OMIM = 277700 MedlinePlus = eMedicineSubj = eMedicineTopic = MeshName = Werner+Syndrome MeshNumber = C16.320.925 Werner Syndrome (WRN) is a very rare,… …   Wikipedia

  • Werner syndrome — A premature aging disease that begins in adolescence or early in adulthood and results in apparent old age by 30 40 years of age. The characteristic features of Werner syndrome include short stature, premature graying and balding, wizened face,… …   Medical dictionary

  • Health and Disease — ▪ 2009 Introduction Food and Drug Safety.       In 2008 the contamination of infant formula and related dairy products with melamine in China led to widespread health problems in children, including urinary problems and possible renal tube… …   Universalium

  • Abraham Gottlob Werner — Infobox Scientist name = Abraham Gottlob Werner box width = image size =150px caption = Abraham Gottlob Werner birth date = September 25, 1749 birth place = Wehrau death date = June 30, 1817 death place = Dresden residence = citizenship =… …   Wikipedia

  • Graves' disease — Classification and external resources Photo showing the classic finding of proptosis and lid retraction in Graves disease ICD 10 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.