fungi


fungi
Plural of fungus.

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Fun·gi 'fən-.jīalso 'fən-gī n pl a kingdom of living things comprising the fungi

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Fun·gi (funґji) [L.] in the classification of living organisms, a kingdom of eukaryotic, heterotrophic organisms that live as saprobes or parasites; it includes mushrooms, yeasts, and molds. They lack chlorophyll, have a cell wall composed of polysaccharides, sometimes polypeptides, and chitin, reproduce either sexually or asexually, and have a life cycle that ranges from simple to complex. The thallus is unicellular or mycelial; aseptate, partially septate, or septate; and nonmotile. Fruiting bodies range from microscopic hyphae in yeasts to large, complex structures showing limited and reversible tissue differentiation (as in mushrooms). In some systems of classification, the Fungi have been considered a subdivision of the plant kingdom. Several different classification systems for the Fungi have been devised; for example, some authorities use the term phylum and others use division for the level just below kingdom.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fungi — Fun gi (f[u^]n j[imac]), n. pl.; sing. {fungus}. (Biol.) A group of thallophytic plant like organisms of low organization, destitute of chlorophyll, in which reproduction is mainly accomplished by means of asexual spores, which are produced in a… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fungi — s.m. pl. (bot.; rar) Ciuperci. – Din lat. fungi. Trimis de LauraGellner, 15.05.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  FUNGI s. pl. v. ciupercă. Trimis de siveco, 13.09.2007. Sursa: Sinonime  fungi (ciuperci) s …   Dicționar Român

  • FUNGI — in arboribus nascentes, pro fomitibus olim erant et escae dicebantur. Serv. ex l. Comm. Clodii 4. Fomites assulae ambustae, ligna excavata, a fungis nomine excepto. Unde apud recentiores Graecos Medicos Ι῎ςκαι, h. e. escae, proprie appellantur… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • fungi- — [fun′ji, fun′jə; fun′gi, fuŋgə] combining form fungus or fungi [fungicide]: also, before a vowel, fung …   English World dictionary

  • Fungi — См. Грибы (Источник: «Словарь терминов микробиологии») …   Словарь микробиологии

  • Fungi [1] — Fungi (Funj), Volk in Nubien, Roserres u. Fassokl (Afrika), hat wohlgebauten Körper, dunkelkupferbraune Hautfarbe, nicht wolliges Haar u. regelmäßige Gesichtszüge ohne Negertypus. Die F. sollen im 16. Jahrh. von Südwest her eingewandert sein u.… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Fungi [2] — Fungi, Schwämme, Pilze, 3. Klasse des Endlicherschen Pflanzensystems, parasitische, auf mehr od. weniger zersetzten organischen Substanzen lebende Gewächse, aus Zellen gebildet, meist nicht von grüner Farbe, durch Keimzellen (Sporae, Sporidiae)… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Fungi [1] — Fungi (lat.), s. Pilze …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fungi [2] — Fungi, Einzahl von Fundsch (s.d.) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fungi — (lat.), die Pilze, Mehrzahl von Fungus …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Fungi — ⇒ Pilze …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

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