gastrocnemius


gastrocnemius
SYN: g. (muscle). [G. gastroknemia, calf of the leg, fr. gaster (gastr-), belly, + kneme, leg]

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gas·troc·ne·mi·us .gas-(.)träk-'nē-mē-əs, -trək- n, pl -mii -mē-.ī the largest and most superficial muscle of the calf of the leg that arises by two heads from the condyles of the femur and has its tendon of insertion incorporated as part of the Achilles tendon called also gastrocnemius muscle
gas·troc·ne·mi·al -mē-əl adj

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n.
a muscle that forms the greater part of the calf of the leg. It flexes the knee and foot (so that the toes point downwards).

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gas·troc·ne·mi·us (gas″trok-neґme-əs) (gas″tro-) [gastro- + Gr. knēmē leg] see under musculus.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Gastrocnemius —   [zu griechisch knéme »Unterschenkel«] der, , Mụsculus gastrocnemius, der Zwillingswadenmuskel, Bein …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Gastrocnemius — Gas troc*ne mi*us, n. [NL., from Gr. ? the calf of the leg.] (Anat.) The muscle which makes the greater part of the calf of the leg. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gastrocnemĭus — (Anat), ein dickbäuchiger Muskel, welcher den größten Theil der Wade bildet, s. Fußmuskeln …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Gastrocnēmius — (Musculus g.), der zweiköpfige Wadenmuskel (s. Tafel »Muskeln«, Fig. 1 u. 2) …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • gastrocnemius — 1670s, from Mod.L., from Gk. gastroknemia “calf of the leg,” from gaster “belly” (see GASTRIC (Cf. gastric)) + kneme “leg.” So called for its form. Related: Gastrocnemical …   Etymology dictionary

  • gastrocnemius — [gas΄träk nē′mē əs] n. pl. gastrocnemii [gas΄träk nē′mē ī΄] the large muscle on the back of the lower leg, that connects with the Achilles tendon and extends the foot …   English World dictionary

  • Gastrocnemius — Musculus gastrocnemius Ursprung Caput laterale: Femur (Epicondylus lateralis) Caput mediale: Femur (Epicondylus medialis) Ansatz …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • gastrocnemius — [ˌgastrə(ʊ) kni:mɪəs] (also gastrocnemius muscle) noun (plural gastrocnemii mɪʌɪ) Anatomy the chief muscle of the calf of the leg, which flexes the knee and foot. Origin C17: mod. L., from Gk gastroknēmia calf of the leg , from gaster, gastr… …   English new terms dictionary

  • gastrocnemius — noun the muscle in the back part of the leg that forms the greater part of the calf; responsible for the plantar flexion of the foot (Freq. 4) • Syn: ↑gastrocnemius muscle • Hypernyms: ↑skeletal muscle, ↑striated muscle • Part Holonyms: ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • gastrocnemius — noun (plural gastrocnemii) Etymology: New Latin, from Greek gastroknēmē calf of the leg, from gastr + knēmē shank more at ham Date: 1676 the largest and most superficial muscle of the calf of the leg arising by two heads from the condyles of the… …   New Collegiate Dictionary


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