glycerol

glycerol
A sweet viscous fluid obtained by the saponification of fats and fixed oils; used as a solvent, as a skin emollient, by injection or in the form of suppository for constipation, and as a vehicle and sweetening agent. SYN: 1,2,3-propanetriol, glycerin, glycerite (1), glyceryl alcohol.
- iodinated g. a form of organically bound iodine which liberates iodine systemically. Has been used as a medicinal source of iodine and as an expectorant in place of inorganic iodides such as potassium iodide. SYN: iodopropylidene g., organidin.
- g. kinase an enzyme that catalyzes a reaction between ATP and g. to yield sn-g. 3-phosphate and ADP; in adipose tissue, the first and rate-limiting step in the synthesis of triacylglycerols; deficiency results in the disruption of adrenal, muscle, and/or liver and brain function. SYN: glycerokinase.
- g. phosphate the anion of a phosphoric ester of g.; the 3-derivative is the central component of phosphatidates (R-g. 3-phosphate). SYN: glycerophosphate.

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glyc·er·ol 'glis-ə-.rȯl, -.rōl n a sweet syrupy hygroscopic trihydroxy alcohol C3H8O3 usu. obtained by the saponification of fats and used esp. as a solvent and plasticizer, as a moistening agent, emollient, and lubricant, and as an emulsifying agent called also glycerin

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glyc·er·ol (glisґər-ol) a trihydroxy sugar alcohol that is the backbone of many lipids and an important intermediate in carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Pharmaceutical preparations are called glycerin (q.v.).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Glycerol — Glycérol Glycérol Général …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Glycérol — Général Nom IUPAC …   Wikipédia en Français

  • glycérol — [ gliserɔl ] n. m. • 1905; de glycérine et ol ♦ Chim. Glycérine. ● glycérol nom masculin Trialcool de formule HOCH2―CHOH―CH2OH. Alcool de l organisme, constituant des lipides et source d énergie. glycérol ou glycerol [gliseʀɔl] n. m. ÉTYM. 1905,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Glycerol — Glyc er*ol, n. (Chem.) Same as {Glycerin}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • glycerol — glycerol. См. глицерол. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • glycerol — 1884, from GLYCERINE (Cf. glycerine) + OL (Cf. ol), suffix denoting alcohols …   Etymology dictionary

  • glycerol — ► NOUN ▪ a colourless, sweet, viscous liquid formed as a by product in soap manufacture, used as an emollient and laxative …   English terms dictionary

  • glycerol — [glis′ər ôl΄, glis′ərōl΄] n. [ GLYCER(IN) + OL1] an odorless, colorless, syrupy liquid, C3H5 (OH) 3, prepared by the hydrolysis of fats and oils: it is used as a solvent, skin lotion, food preservative, etc., and in the manufacture of explosives …   English World dictionary

  • Glycerol — Glycerine and Glycerin redirect here. For the Bush song, see Glycerine (song). Glycerol …   Wikipedia

  • glycerol — /glis euh rawl , rol /, n. a colorless, odorless, syrupy, sweet liquid, C3H8O3, usually obtained by the saponification of natural fats and oils: used for sweetening and preserving food, in the manufacture of cosmetics, perfumes, inks, and certain …   Universalium

  • Glycerol — Strukturformel Allgemeines Name Glycerin Andere Namen Glycerol 1,2,3 Propantriol …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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