glycolic acid

glycolic acid

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glycolic acid also glycollic acid n an alpha hydroxy acid C2H4O3 that is oxidized to glyoxylic acid in photosynthesis, is used as an agent to produce chemical peels in cutaneous rejuvenation treatments, and is the major toxic metabolite in ethylene glycol poisoning called also hydroxyacetic acid

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gly·col·ic ac·id (gli-kolґik) hydroxyacetic acid, an intermediate in the conversion of serine to glycine; it is accumulated and excreted in primary hyperoxaluria, type I.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Glycolic acid — Glycolic Gly*col ic, a. (Chem.) Pertaining to, or derived from, glycol; as, glycolic ether; glycolic acid. [1913 Webster] {Glycolic acid} (Chem.), an organic acid, found naturally in unripe grapes and in the leaves of the wild grape ({Ampelopsis… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • glycolic acid — [glī käl′ik] n. a crystalline acid, CH2OHCOOH, found in sugar cane or prepared by the oxidation of glycol …   English World dictionary

  • Glycolic acid — Chembox new Name = Glycolic acid ImageFileL1 = glycolic acid.svg ImageSizeL1 = 120px ImageNameL1 = Chemical structure of glycolic acid ImageFileR1 = Glycolic acid3d.png ImageSizeR1 = 140px ImageNameR1 = Ball and stick model of glycolic acid… …   Wikipedia

  • glycolic acid — glikolio rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija formulė HOCH₂COOH atitikmenys: angl. glycolic acid rus. гликолевая кислота ryšiai: sinonimas – hidroksietano rūgštis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • glycolic acid — noun a translucent crystalline compound found in sugar cane and sugar beets and unripe grapes • Syn: ↑glycollic acid, ↑hydroxyacetic acid • Hypernyms: ↑acid …   Useful english dictionary

  • glycolic acid — or glycollic acid noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary glycol + 1 ic Date: 1852 an alpha hydroxy acid C2H4O3 found especially in unripe grapes and sugar beets and used especially in textile and leather processing and in skin care… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • glycolic acid — a colorless, crystalline, water soluble powder, C2H4O3, that is a major substrate for photorespiration in plants: used chiefly for textile printing and dyeing and in pesticides. Also, glycollic acid. Also called hydroxyacetic acid. [1850 55] * *… …   Universalium

  • glycolic acid — noun the simplest alpha hydroxy acid, hydroxy acetic acid, found in sugar cane and unripe grapes; used in cosmetics etc See Also: glycolate …   Wiktionary

  • glycolic acid — Hydroxyacetic acid; found in young plants and green fruits. Glycolate is formed from ribulose 1,5 bisphosphate in a seemingly wasteful side reaction of photosynthesis, known as photorespiration …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • glycolic acid — fruit acid (colorless crystalline compound found in unripe grapes, sugar cane and sugar beet) used in pharmaceuticals (such as topical exfoliation of skin cells) and pesticides …   English contemporary dictionary