Gnathostoma


Gnathostoma
A genus of spiruroid nematode worms (family Gnathostomatidae) characterized by several rows of cuticular spines about the head and by multiple-host aquatic life cycles; it includes pathogenic parasites of cats, cattle, and swine. [gnatho- + G. stoma, mouth]
- G. doloresi nematode species found in domestic and wild pigs; human infections (cutaneous larva migrans) reported in Japan.
- G. hispidum nematode species found in domestic and wild pigs; human infections (cutaneous larva migrans) reported in Japan.
- G. nipponicum nematode species found in weasels; human infections (cutaneous larva migrans) reported in Japan.
- G. siamense invalid name for G. spinigerum.
- G. spinigerum a parasite of cats, dogs, and wild carnivores, it has occasionally been found in humans in the Far East; it is transmitted via copepods and fish; human infection is usually confined to the skin, but several cases have been reported of eye or brain infection with wandering larvae of this species.

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Gna·thos·to·ma nə-'thäs-tə-mə n a genus (the type of the family Gnathostomatidae) of spiruroid nematodes comprising parasites living in tumors of the stomach wall of various Old World carnivorous mammals and occas. invading the subcutaneous tissues of humans

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n.
a genus of parasitic nematodes. Adult worms are commonly found in the intestines of tigers, leopards, and dogs. The presence of the larval stage of G. spinigerum in humans, who are not the normal hosts, causes a skin condition called creeping eruption.

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Gnath·os·to·ma (nath-osґto-mə) [gnatho- + stoma] a genus of nematodes of the family Gnathostomatidae, which are parasitic in various mammals. G. spiniґgerum causes gnathostomiasis in cats, dogs, and humans.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • GNATHOSTOMA — GNATHOSTOMA, гнатостома, род круглых червей сем. Gnathostomatidae. Тело паразита либо на всей поверхности, либо в передней половине вооружено хитиновыми шипами, к рые глубоко проникают в ткань хозяина. У человека обнаружено 2 вида: 1. Gna… …   Большая медицинская энциклопедия

  • Gnathostoma — Gna*thos to*ma, n. pl. [NL., from Gr. gna qos the jaw + ?, ?, the mouth.] (Zo[ o]l.) A comprehensive division of vertebrates, including all that have distinct jaws, in contrast with the leptocardians and marsipobranchs (Cyclostoma), which lack… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Gnathostoma — Taxobox name = Gnathostoma regnum = Animalia phylum = Nematoda classis = Secernentea ordo = Spirurida family = Gnathostomatidae genus = Gnathostoma Gnathostoma is a genus of parasitic nematodes. The species Gnathostoma spinigerum and Gnathostoma… …   Wikipedia

  • gnathostoma — gna·thos·to·ma …   English syllables

  • Gnathostoma — n. a genus of parasitic nematodes. Adult worms are commonly found in the intestines of tigers, leopards, and dogs. The presence of the larval stage of G. spinigerum in humans, who are not the normal hosts, causes a skin condition called creeping… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • gnathostoma — I. nəˈthästəmə noun plural Usage: capitalized Etymology: New Latin, from gnath + stoma in some classifications : a division of Crustacea comprising the Branchiopoda, Ostracoda, and Copepoda II …   Useful english dictionary

  • Gnathostoma (disambiguation) — Gnathostoma might be referring to:*Gnathostomata, the vertebrate superclass Gnathostoma is the singular form. *Gnathostoma, a genus of endoparasites, such as the Gnathostoma spinigerum …   Wikipedia

  • Gnathostoma spinigerum — Taxobox name = Gnathostoma spinigerum regnum = Animalia phylum = Nematoda classis = Secernentea ordo = Spirurida family = Gnathostomatidae genus = Gnathostoma species = G. spinigerum binomial = Gnathostoma spinigerum binomial authority = Levinsen …   Wikipedia

  • Gnathostoma spinigerum — вид гельминтов сем. Gnathostomatidae кл. нематод; окончательные хозяева кошка, собака, тигр; промежуточные хозяева веслоногие рачки, циклопы; резервуарные хозяева рыбы; распространен в Юго Восточной Азии, Австралии, Центральной Америке;… …   Большой медицинский словарь

  • Gnathostomata — Gnathostoma Gna*thos to*ma, n. pl. [NL., from Gr. gna qos the jaw + ?, ?, the mouth.] (Zo[ o]l.) A comprehensive division of vertebrates, including all that have distinct jaws, in contrast with the leptocardians and marsipobranchs (Cyclostoma),… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English


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