Drug, antimicrobial


Drug, antimicrobial
A drug used to treat a microbial infection. The term "antimicrobial" is a general one that refers to a group of drugs that includes antibiotics, antifungals, antiprotozoals, and antivirals.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Drug resistance — is the reduction in effectiveness of a drug such as an antimicrobial or an antineoplastic[1] in curing a disease or condition. When the drug is not intended to kill or inhibit a pathogen, then the term is equivalent to dosage failure or drug… …   Wikipedia

  • Antimicrobial peptides — (also called host defence peptides) are an evolutionarily conserved component of the innate immune response and are found among all classes of life. These peptides are potent, broad spectrum antibiotics which demonstrate potential as novel… …   Wikipedia

  • Antimicrobial pharmacodynamics — is a term used to describe the relationship between concentration of antibiotic and its ability to inhibit vital processes of endo or ectoparasites and microbial organisms.C.H. Nightingale, T. Murakawa, P.G. Ambrose (2002) Antimicrobial… …   Wikipedia

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  • Drug metabolism — is the biochemical modification of pharmaceutical substances by living organisms, usually through specialized enzymatic systems. This is a form of xenobiotic metabolism. Drug metabolism often converts lipophilic chemical compounds into more… …   Wikipedia

  • antimicrobial — [an΄tīmī krō′bē əl, an΄tēmī krō′bē əl, an΄timī krō′bē əl] adj. able to inhibit or control microbes n. an antimicrobial substance or drug * * * an·ti·mi·cro·bi·al (ăn tē mī krōʹbē əl, ăn tī ) also an·ti·mi·cro·bic ( bĭk) adj. Capable of destroying …   Universalium

  • antimicrobial — [an΄tīmī krō′bē əl, an΄tēmī krō′bē əl, an΄timī krō′bē əl] adj. able to inhibit or control microbes n. an antimicrobial substance or drug …   English World dictionary

  • drug — drug1 /drug/, n., v., drugged, drugging. n. 1. Pharm. a chemical substance used in the treatment, cure, prevention, or diagnosis of disease or used to otherwise enhance physical or mental well being. 2. (in federal law) a. any substance… …   Universalium

  • Drug — /droog/, n. Zoroastrianism. the cosmic principle of disorder and falsehood. Cf. Asha. [ < Avestan drauga] * * * I Any chemical agent that affects the function of living things. Some, including antibiotics, stimulants, tranquilizers,… …   Universalium

  • Antimicrobial — An antimicrobial is a substance that kills or inhibits the growth of microbes such as bacteria, fungi, or viruses. Antimicrobial drugs either kill microbes (microbicidal) or prevent the growth of microbes (microbistatic).The history of… …   Wikipedia


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