haplotype


haplotype
1. The genetic constitution of an individual with respect to one member of a pair of allelic genes; individuals are of the same h. (but of different genotypes) if alike with respect to one allele of a pair but different with respect to the other allele of a pair. 2. In immunogenetics, that portion of the phenotype determined by a set of closely linked genes inherited from one parent ( i.e., genes located on one of the pair of chromosomes). [haplo- + G. typos, impression, model]

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hap·lo·type -.tīp n a group of alleles of different genes (as of the major histocompatibility complex) on a single chromosome that are closely enough linked to be inherited usu. as a unit

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n.
a complete set of HLA system antigens inherited from either parent.

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hap·lo·type (hapґlo-tīp) [from haploid genotype] 1. a set of alleles of a group of closely linked related genes on one chromosome of an individual, usually inherited as a unit; used particularly of the combination of alleles of the HLA complex. 2. the genetic constitution of an individual at such a set of closely linked genes.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • haplotype — haplotype. См. гаплотип. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Haplotype — The term haplotype is a contraction of the term haploid genotype. In genetics, a haplotype (Greek haploos = single) is a combination of alleles at multiple loci that are transmitted together on the same chromosome. Haplotype may refer to as few… …   Wikipedia

  • Haplotype — Haplotypen aus SNPs von Chromosomenabschnitten des gleichen Chromosoms von vier haploiden Individuen. Als Haplotyp (von griechisch haplús oder haplóos = einfach und typos = typ), eine Abkürzung von haploider Genotyp, wird eine Variante einer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Haplotype — Un haplotype est un groupe d allèles de différents gènes situés sur un même chromosome et habituellement transmis ensemble . L ensemble des gènes situés sur un même chromosome et dont les allèles ségrègent ensemble lors de la meiose constituent… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • haplotype — 1. noun A group of alleles that are transmitted together. 2. verb To characterize with respect to haplotype …   Wiktionary

  • haplotype — haplotipas statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Artimai susijusių vienos chromosomos alelinių genų derinys; kartais DNR sekos nukleotidų derinys. atitikmenys: angl. haplotype rus. гаплотип …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • haplotype — noun Date: 1969 a group of alleles of different genes (as of the major histocompatibility complex) on a single chromosome that are closely enough linked to be inherited usually as a unit …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • haplotype — 1) a single species contained in a genus 2) the set of alleles closely linked on one chromosome and inherited as a unit, providing a distinctive genetic pattern …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • haplotype — The set, made up of one allele of each gene, comprising the genotype. Also used to refer to the set of alleles on one chromosome or a part of a chromosome, ie. one set of alleles of linked genes. Its main current usage is in connection with the… …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • haplotype —    The particular combination of alleles in a defined region of some chromosome, in effect the genotype in miniature. Originally used to describe combinations of MHC alleles, it now may be used to describe particular combination of RFLPs …   Forensic science glossary

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