Hippocrates of Cos


Hippocrates of Cos
Greek physician, called the “Father of Medicine,” circa 460–377 B.C. See hippocratic facies, hippocratic fingers, under finger, Hippocratic nails, under nail, hippocratic school, hippocratic succussion.

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Hip·poc·ra·tes of Cos (hĭ-pokґrə-tēz) the Father of Medicine, c. 460–c. 375 B.C., a student and teacher at the medical school on Cos. Of the many writings in the Hippocratic corpus, none can be surely ascribed to him. Hippocrates' anatomy was vague: he knew only bones in detail, not being sure of the organs, muscles, nerves, tendons, or blood vessels. His physiology was based on humoralism, diagnosis was directed toward general pathology, and prognosis predicted the stages, duration, and end of disease. Hippocrates' therapy was to restore the humoral equilibrium by ridding the body of excess humors and replacing the deficient humors. He relied on the healing power of nature and recommended diet and moderate exercise, but rejected drugs.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Hippocrates — Hip*poc ra*tes, n. A famous Greek physician and medical writer, born in Cos, about 460 b. c. [1913 Webster] {Hippocrates sleeve}, a conical strainer, made by stitching together two adjacent sides of a square piece of cloth, esp. flannel of linen …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

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  • Hippocrates — Hippocratic /hip euh krat ik/, Hippocratical, adj. /hi pok reuh teez /, n. ( Father of Medicine ) c460 c377 B.C., Greek physician. * * * born с 460 BC, island of Cos, Greece died с 377, Larissa, Thessaly Greek physician regarded as the father of… …   Universalium

  • Hippocrates — A great Greek physician (c.460 377BC) who worked on the island of Cos, founded a medical school there, and today is regarded as the Father of Medicine. Hippocrates developed a then new approach to medicine. He refused to use gods to explain… …   Medical dictionary

  • cos — cos1 /kos, kaws/, n. romaine. [1690 1700; after KOS, where it originated] cos2 Trigonom., Math. cosine. * * * ▪ island, Greece Modern Greek  Kos,  Italian  Coo,  Turkish   …   Universalium

  • Cos — /kos, kaws/, n. Kos. * * * ▪ island, Greece Modern Greek  Kos,  Italian  Coo,  Turkish  İstanköy    island off the southwestern coast of Turkey, the third largest of the Dodecanese Islands, Greece.       A ragged limestone ridge runs along the… …   Universalium

  • COS —    (10), an island in the Ægean Sea, birthplace of Hippocrates and Apelles …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia