hydration


hydration
1. Chemically, the addition of water; differentiated from hydrolysis, where the union with water is accompanied by a splitting of the original molecule and the water molecule. SEE ALSO: solvation. 2. Clinically, the taking in of water; used commonly in the sense of reduced h. or dehydration. 3. The formation of a shell of water molecules around a molecular entity.
- absolute h. actual water excess as measured by a difference from the normal or from a given water content.

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hy·dra·tion hī-'drā-shən n
1) the act or process of combining or treating with water: as
a) the introduction of additional fluid into the body <\hydration sometimes helps to reduce the concentration of toxic substances in the tissues>
b) a chemical reaction in which water takes part with the formation of only one product <\hydration of ethylene to ethyl alcohol> esp a reaction in which water takes part in the form of intact molecules
2) the quality or state of being hydrated esp the condition of having adequate fluid in the body tissues

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hy·dra·tion (hi-draґshən) 1. the act of combining or causing to combine with water. 2. the condition of being combined with water.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hydration — may refer to:* Hydration reaction, a chemical addition reaction * Mineral hydration, an inorganic chemical reaction where water is added to the crystal structure of a mineralee also* Dehydration * Hydrate * Rehydration * Drinking water …   Wikipedia

  • Hydration — Hy*dra tion, n. (Chem.) The act of becoming, or state of being, a hydrate. [1913 Webster] {Water of hydration} (Chem.), water chemically combined with some substance to form a hydrate; distinguished from {water of crystallization}. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hydration — 1854, noun of action from HYDRATE (Cf. hydrate) …   Etymology dictionary

  • hydration — hidratacija statusas T sritis fizika atitikmenys: angl. hydratation; hydration; hydratization vok. Hydratation, f; Hydratisierung, f; Wasseranlagerung, f rus. гидратация, f; присоединение воды, n pranc. hydratation, f; hydration, f …   Fizikos terminų žodynas

  • Hydration — Dieser Artikel wurde aufgrund von Mängeln auf der Qualitätssicherungsseite der Redaktion Chemie eingetragen. Dies geschieht, um die Qualität der Artikel aus dem Themengebiet Chemie auf ein akzeptables Niveau zu bringen. Dabei können Artikel… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • hydration — hidratacija statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Vandens prisijungimas. atitikmenys: angl. hydration rus. гидратация …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • hydration — hydrate ► NOUN Chemistry ▪ a compound in which water molecules are chemically bound to another compound or an element. ► VERB ▪ cause to absorb or combine with water. DERIVATIVES hydration noun …   English terms dictionary

  • hydration — noun see hydrate II …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • hydration — See hydrate. * * * …   Universalium

  • hydration — noun a) the incorporation of water molecules into a complex with those of another compound b) the process of providing an adequate amount of water to body tissues See Also: hydrate …   Wiktionary


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