hydrochloric acid


hydrochloric acid
HCl; the acid of gastric juice. The commercial product is used as an escharotic; the gas and the concentrated solution are strong irritants. SYN: muriatic acid.
- diluted h. a preparation that contains, in each 100 mL, 10 g of HCl; used internally for achlorhydria.

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hy·dro·chlo·ric acid .hī-drə-.klōr-ik-, -.klȯr- n an aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride HCl that is a strong corrosive irritating acid, is normally present in dilute form in gastric juice, and is widely used in industry and in the laboratory called also muriatic acid

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a strong acid present, in a very dilute form, in gastric juice. The secretion of excess hydrochloric acid by the stomach results in the condition hyperchlorhydria.

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hy·dro·chlo·ric ac·id (hi″dro-klorґik) a term applied to aqueous solutions of hydrogen chloride (HCl); it is a highly corrosive strong mineral acid commonly used as a laboratory reagent. HCl is secreted by the gastric parietal cells in response to the presence of gastrin or histamine or to vagal stimulation. This normally reduces the pH of the stomach contents to below 2.0.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • Hydrochloric acid — Hydrochloric Hy dro*chlo ric, a. [Hydro , 2 + chloric: cf. F. hydrochlorique.] (Chem.) Pertaining to, or compounded of, chlorine and hydrogen gas; as, hydrochloric acid; chlorhydric. [1913 Webster] {Hydrochloric acid} (Chem.), hydrogen chloride;… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hydrochloric acid — [hī΄drə klôr′ik] n. a strong, highly corrosive acid that is a water solution of the gas hydrogen chloride, HCl: it is widely used in ore processing, for cleaning metals, as a reagent, etc …   English World dictionary

  • hydrochloric acid — ► NOUN ▪ a strongly acidic solution of the gas hydrogen chloride …   English terms dictionary

  • hydrochloric acid — a colorless or faintly yellow, corrosive, fuming liquid, HCl, used chiefly in chemical and industrial processes. [1825 35] * * * or muriatic acid Solution in water of hydrogen chloride (HCl), a gaseous inorganic compound. It is a strong acid,… …   Universalium

  • hydrochloric acid — [[t]ha͟ɪdrəklɒrɪk æ̱sɪd[/t]] N UNCOUNT Hydrochloric acid is a colourless, strong acid containing hydrogen and chlorine …   English dictionary

  • hydrochloric acid — a strong acid present, in a very dilute form, in gastric juice. The secretion of excess hydrochloric acid by the stomach results in the condition hyperchlorhydria …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • hydrochloric acid — druskos rūgštis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis HCl tirpalas. atitikmenys: angl. hydrochloric acid rus. соляная кислота; хлористоводородная кислота …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • hydrochloric acid — vandenilio chloridas statusas T sritis chemija formulė HCl atitikmenys: angl. hydrochloric acid; hydrogen chloride rus. водорода хлорид; хлороводород …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • hydrochloric acid — noun A strong acid made by dissolving the gas, hydrogen chloride, in water. It reacts with alkalis, bases and many metals to form chlorides; it has many industrial applications Syn: E507, acidity regulator, muriatic a …   Wiktionary


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