hysteria


hysteria
A somatoform (psychoneurotic or psychosomatic) disorder in which there is an alteration or loss of physical functioning that suggests a physical disorder such as paralysis of an arm or disturbance of vision, but that is instead apparently an expression of a psychological conflict or need; a diagnostic term, referable to a wide variety of psychogenic symptoms involving disorder of function, which may be mental, sensory, motor, or visceral. See somatoform disorder. [G. hystera, womb, from the original notion of womb-related disturbances in women]
- anxiety h. h. characterized by manifest anxiety.
- conversion h. h. characterized by the substitution, through psychic transformation, of physical signs or symptoms for anxiety; generally restricted to such major symptoms as blindness, deafness, and paralysis, or lesser ones such as blurred vision and numbness. SYN: conversion h. neurosis, conversion neurosis, conversion reaction.
- dissociative h. an unconscious process sometimes seen in patients with multiple personalities, or in h., in which a group of mental processes is separated from the rest of the thinking processes, resulting in an independent functioning of these processes and a loss of the usual relationships among them.
- epidemic h. SYN: mass h..
- mass h. 1. spontaneous, en masse development of identical physical and/or emotional symptoms among a group of individuals, as seen in a classroom of schoolchildren; 2. a socially contagious frenzy of irrational behavior in a group of people as a reaction to an event. SYN: epidemic h., mass sociogenic illness.

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hys·te·ria his-'ter-ē-ə, -'tir- n
1 a) a psychoneurosis marked by emotional excitability and disturbances of the psychic, sensory, vasomotor, and visceral functions without an organic basis
b) a similar condition in domestic animals
2) behavior exhibiting overwhelming or unmanageable fear or emotional excess

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n.
1. formerly, a neurosis characterized by emotional instability, repression, dissociation, some physical symptoms (see hysterical), and vulnerability to suggestion. Two types were recognized: conversion hysteria, now known as conversion disorder; and dissociative hysteria, comprising a group of conditions now generally regarded as dissociative disorder. See also neurosis.
2. a state of great emotional excitement.

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hys·ter·ia (his-terґe-ə) [Gr. hystera womb, from the antiquated belief that wandering of the uterus caused mental disturbances] a now somewhat nebulous term formerly used widely in psychiatry. Its meanings have included (1) classic hysteria (now somatization disorder); (2) hysterical neurosis (now divided into conversion disorder and dissociative disorders); (3) anxiety hysteria; and (4) hysterical personality (now histrionic personality disorder).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Hysteria — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Hysteria Información personal Origen Plymouth, Inglaterra Información artística Género(s) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Hysteria — (в переводе с англ. Истерия): Hysteria альбом британской синтипоп группы The Human League 1984 года. Hysteria альбом британской рок группы Def Leppard 1987 года. Hysteria сингл британской рок группы Muse 2003 года …   Википедия

  • Hysteria — Hys*te ri*a, n. [NL.: cf. F. hyst[ e]rie. See {Hysteric}.] (Med.) A nervous affection, occurring almost exclusively in women, in which the emotional and reflex excitability is exaggerated, and the will power correspondingly diminished, so that… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hysterĭa [1] — Hysterĭa (gr. Ant.), Schweinopfer, zu Argos der Aphrodite gebracht …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hysterĭa [2] — Hysterĭa (H. Reinw.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie Orchideae Ophrydeae; Art: H. veratrifolia, auf Java …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • hysteria — index furor, outburst, panic Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • HYSTERIA — nomen celebritatis Argis olim peragi solitae, de qua vide infra in voce Sus …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • hysteria — 1801, coined in medical Latin as an abstract noun from hysteric (see HYSTERICAL (Cf. hysterical)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • hysteria — delirium, frenzy, *mania …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • hysteria — [n] state of extreme upset agitation, delirium, excitement, feverishness, frenzy, hysterics, madness, mirth, nervousness, panic, unreason; concept 410 Ant. calm, control, sereneness …   New thesaurus

  • hysteria — ► NOUN 1) a psychological disorder whose symptoms include volatile emotions and attention seeking behaviour. 2) exaggerated or uncontrollable emotion or excitement …   English terms dictionary


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