injury
The damage or wound of trauma. [L. injuria, fr. in- neg. + jus (jur-), right]
- blast i. tearing of lung tissue or rupture of any tissue or organ without external i., as by the force of an explosion.
- brachial plexus i. damage to the brachial plexus related to delivery; associated with excessive lateral stretching of the head, typically in cases of shoulder dystocia or breech deliveries. SEE ALSO: brachial birth palsy.
- closed head i. a head i. in which continuity of the scalp and mucous membranes is maintained.
- contrecoup i. of brain an i. occurring beneath the skull opposite to the area of impact.
- coup i. of brain an i. occurring directly beneath the skull at the area of impact.
- current of i. See current of i..
- degloving i. avulsion of the skin of a portion of the body (most commonly on the extremities) in which the part is skeletonized by removal of most or all of the skin and subcutaneous tissue.
- egg-white i. SYN: egg-white syndrome.
- flexion-extension i. forceful application of a forward and backward movement of the unsupported head that may produce an i. to the cervical spine or the brain.
- hyperextension-hyperflexion i. violence to the body causing the unsupported head to move rapidly backward and forward resulting in hyperextension and hyperflexion of the neck; does not imply any specific resultant trauma or pathology.
- open head i. a head i. in which there is a loss of continuity of scalp or mucous membranes; the term is sometimes used to indicate a communication between the exterior and the intracranial cavity. SEE ALSO: penetrating wound.
- pneumatic tire i. separation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue from the underlying fascia, classically occurring when an extremity is crushed and rolled over by the tire of a vehicle; however, it may be incurred through other mechanisms that produce shear forces; similar to a degloving i., except that the skin and subcutaneous tissue layers remain in continuity.
- reperfusion i. myocardial impairment, usually with arrhythmia, following the opening of arterial blockage and considered to be due to oxygen-derived free radicals.
- steering wheel i. trauma to the anterior chest wall caused by impact with the steering wheel during an automobile accident; can include fractured sternum and ribs, cardiac contusion, tear of the aorta or other great vessels, as well as lung injuries.
- whiplash i. popular term for flexion-extension i..

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in·ju·ry 'inj-(ə-)rē n, pl -ries hurt, damage, or loss sustained

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in·ju·ry (inґjə-re) [L. injuria] harm or hurt; usually applied to damage inflicted on the body by an external force. Called also trauma and wound.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • injury — in·ju·ry n pl ries [Latin injuria, from injurus injurious, from in not + jur jus right] 1: an act that wrongs or harms another; specif: a violation of a legally protected interest (as the physical or mental well being, property, reputation, or… …   Law dictionary

  • injury — in‧ju‧ry [ˈɪndʒəri] noun injuries PLURALFORM [countable, uncountable] 1. physical harm to a person, for example in an accident: • Mr. Lewis was awarded $75,000 as compensation for injuries suffered in the accident. • absence from work due to… …   Financial and business terms

  • Injury — is damage to a biological organism which can be classified on various bases. Contents 1 Classification 1.1 By cause 1.2 By location 1.3 By activity …   Wikipedia

  • injury — 1 Injury, hurt, damage, harm, mischief mean the act or the result of inflicting on a person or thing something that causes loss or pain. Injury is the comprehensive term referable to an act or to a result of that act which involves a violation of …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Injury — In ju*ry, n.; pl. {Injuries}. [OE. injurie, L. injuria, fr. injurius injurious, wrongful, unjust; pref. in not + jus, juris, right, law, justice: cf. F. injure. See {Just}, a.] Any damage or hurt done to a person or thing; detriment to, or… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • injury — (n.) late 14c., harm, damage, loss; a specific injury, from Anglo Fr. injurie wrongful action, from L. injuria wrong, hurt, injustice, insult, noun use of fem. of injurius wrongful, unjust, from in not, opposite of (see IN (Cf. in ) (1)) + jus… …   Etymology dictionary

  • injury — [n] hurt, harm abrasion, abuse, affliction, affront, agony, bad, bite, blemish, boo boo*, bruise, burn, chop, cramp, cut, damage, deformation, detriment, discomfiture, disservice, distress, evil, fracture, gash, grievance, hemorrhage, ill,… …   New thesaurus

  • injury — ► NOUN (pl. injuries) 1) an instance of being injured. 2) the fact of being injured; harm or damage. ORIGIN Latin injuria a wrong …   English terms dictionary

  • injury — [in′jə rē] n. pl. injuries [ME iniurie < L injuria < injurius, wrongful, unjust < in , not + jus (gen. juris), right, justice: see JUST1] 1. physical harm or damage to a person, property, etc. 2. an injurious act; specif., a) an offense… …   English World dictionary

  • injury — Any wrong or damage done to another, either in his person, rights, reputation, or property. The invasion of any legally protected interest of another. Restatement, Second, Torts, No. 7. Absolute injuries. Injuries to those rights which a person… …   Black's law dictionary

  • injury — Any wrong or damage done to another, either in his person, rights, reputation, or property. The invasion of any legally protected interest of another. Restatement, Second, Torts, No. 7. Absolute injuries. Injuries to those rights which a person… …   Black's law dictionary

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