ipecacuanha


ipecacuanha
The dried root of Uragoga (Cephaelis) i. (family Rubiaceae), a shrub of Brazil and other parts of South America; contains emetine, cephaeline, emetamine, ipecacuanhic acid, psychotrine, and methylpsychotrine; has expectorant, emetic, and antidysenteric properties. SYN: ipecac. [native Brazilian word]
- de-emetinized i. i. from which the emetic principle has been extracted; has been used as an antidysenteric agent.
- prepared i. a fine powder to contain 2% of the total alkaloids of i., calculated as emetine.

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n.
a plant extract used in small doses, usually in the form of tinctures and syrups, as an expectorant to relieve coughing and to induce vomiting. Ipecacuanha irritates the digestive system, and high doses may cause severe digestive upsets.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Ipecacuanha — Ipécacuanha Ipécacuanha …   Wikipédia en Français

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  • Ipecacuanha — Ipecacuanha, 1) als Art mehrerer Pflanzengattungen, so von Cephaëlis u. Jonidium; 2) (Ipecacuanhawurzel, Radix ipecacuanhae), seit der Mitte des 17. Jahrh. in Apotheken aufgenommen u. häufig im Gebrauch, einst auch von der Homöopathie als… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Ipecacuanha — Ipecacuanha, s. Brechwurzel …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • ipecacuanha — s. f. 1. Arbusto rubiáceo. 2. Raiz ou casca emética desse arbusto. 3. Nome doutras plantas asclepiadáceas, violáceas, etc. • Sinônimo geral: IPECA   ‣ Etimologia: tupi ï peka, pato + a kwaña, pênis …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • Ipecacuanha — Taxobox name = Ipecacuanha image width = 250px regnum = Plantae divisio = Magnoliophyta classis = Magnoliopsida ordo = Gentianales familia = Rubiaceae genus = Psychotria species = P. ipecacuanha binomial = Psychotria ipecacuanha Ipecacuanha (… …   Wikipedia

  • Ipécacuanha — (Car …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ipecacuanha — Brechwurzel Brechwurzel (Psychotria ipecacuanha) Systematik Unterklasse: Asternähnliche (Asteridae) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ipécacuanha — ● ipéca ou ipécacuanha nom masculin (portugais ipecacuanha, du tupi) Racine aux propriétés expectorantes et vomitives fournie par plusieurs rubiacées d Amérique du Sud. (Les deux ipécas utilisés en thérapeutique sont C. ipecacuanha et C.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • ipecacuanha — noun a) a flowering plant, Psychotria ipecacuanha, the root of which has medicinal uses b) the powdered root of this plant, used as an emetic; ipecac …   Wiktionary