isopropyl alcohol


isopropyl alcohol
An isomer of propyl alcohol and a homologue of ethyl alcohol, similar in its properties, when used externally, to the latter, but more toxic when taken internally; used as an ingredient of various cosmetics and of medicinal preparations for external use; also available as isopropyl rubbing alcohol, which contains 68 to 72% of i. (by volume) in water; used as a rubefacient. SYN: dimethylcarbinol, isopropanol.

* * *

isopropyl alcohol n a volatile flammable alcohol C3H8O used esp. as a solvent and rubbing alcohol called also isopropanol

* * *

[USP] an isomer of propyl alcohol and a homologue of ethyl alcohol, having disinfectant properties similar to those of ethyl alcohol; used as a solvent and disinfectant and applied topically as an antiseptic. Called also dimethyl carbinol and isopropanol.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • isopropyl alcohol — n. a colorless, volatile, flammable, poisonous liquid, CH3CHOHCH3, that mixes readily with alcohol, water, or ether: it is derived from propylene and used in antifreezes, antiseptics, etc. and as a solvent: also called isopropanol [ī΄sə prō′pə… …   English World dictionary

  • Isopropyl alcohol — chembox Name = Isopropyl alcohol ImageFileL1 = Isopropanol skeletal.png ImageSizeL1 = 100px ImageNameL1 = Isopropyl alcohol ImageFileR1 = Isopropanol 3D vdW.png ImageSizeR1 = 120px ImageNameR1 = Isopropanol IUPACName = Propan 2 ol OtherNames = 2… …   Wikipedia

  • isopropyl alcohol — Chem. a colorless, flammable, water soluble liquid, C3H8O, produced from propylene by the action of sulfuric acid and hydrolysis: used chiefly in the manufacture of antifreeze and rubbing alcohol and as a solvent. Also called dimethylcarbinol,… …   Universalium

  • isopropyl alcohol — izopropilo alkoholis statusas T sritis chemija formulė (CH₃)₂CHOH atitikmenys: angl. isopropanol; isopropyl alcohol rus. изопропанол; изопропиловый спирт ryšiai: sinonimas – 2 propanolis …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • isopropyl alcohol — noun Date: 1872 a volatile flammable alcohol C3H8O used especially as a solvent and rubbing alcohol …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • isopropyl alcohol — noun alcohol used as antifreeze or a solvent • Syn: ↑isopropanol • Hypernyms: ↑alcohol …   Useful english dictionary

  • isopropyl alcohol — used in some collections to preserve fish, usually at a concentration of 50% or 55%. Less inflammable than ethanol (ethyl alcohol) and not subject to stringent controls but may clear tissues and decalcify bones …   Dictionary of ichthyology

  • isopropyl alcohol — noun The aliphatic alcohol 2 propanol that is used as a solvent and in many industrial applications. Syn: isopropanol …   Wiktionary

  • isopropyl alcohol — i′sopro′pyl al′cohol n. chem. a colorless, flammable liquid, C3H8O, used in antifreeze and rubbing alcohol and as a solvent • Etymology: 1870–75 …   From formal English to slang

  • isopropyl alcohol — noun Chemistry another term for isopropanol …   English new terms dictionary