karyotype


karyotype
The chromosome characteristics of an individual cell or of a cell line, usually presented as a systematized array of metaphase chromosomes from a photomicrograph of a single cell nucleus arranged in pairs in descending order of size and according to the position of the centromere. SYN: idiogram (1), karyogram. [karyo- + G. typos, model]

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kar·yo·type 'kar-ē-ə-.tīp n the chromosomal characteristics of a cell also the chromosomes themselves or a representation of them
kar·yo·typ·ic .kar-ē-ə-'tip-ik adj
kar·yo·typ·i·cal·ly -i-k(ə-)lē adv
karyotype vt, -typed; -typ·ing to determine or analyze the karyotype of <karyotyped a newborn infant with a suspected genetic anomaly>

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1. n. the chromosome set of an individual or species described in terms of both the number and structure of the chromosomes.
2. n. the representation of the chromosome set in a diagram.
3. vb. to determine the karyotype of a cell, as by microscopic examination.

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karyo·type (karґe-o-tīp) [karyo- + type] formally, the symbolic representation, using numbers, letters, and other symbols, of the chromosomal complement of an individual, tissue, or cell line. In practice, the terms karyotype, idiogram and karyogram are often used interchangeably. karyotypic adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • karyotype — [kar′ē ə tīp΄] n. the general appearance, including size, number, and shape, of the set of somatic chromosomes vt. karyotyped, karyotyping to analyze and determine (a karyotype) karyotypic [kar′ē ətip′ik] adj. karyotypical …   English World dictionary

  • karyotype — karyotype. См. кариотип. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • karyotype — 1929, ultimately from Rus. kariotip (1922); see KARYO (Cf. karyo ) + TYPE (Cf. type) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Karyotype — A karyotype is the number and appearance of chromosomes in the nucleus of an eukaryotic cell. The term is also used for the complete set of chromosomes in a species, or an individual organism.[1][2]p28[3] Karyotypes describe the number of… …   Wikipedia

  • karyotype — I. noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1929 the chromosomal characteristics of a cell; also the chromosomes themselves or a representation of them • karyotypic adjective • karyotypically adverb II. transitive verb …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • karyotype — 1) n. the chromosome set of an individual or species described in terms of both the number and structure of the chromosomes. 2) n. the representation of the chromosome set in a diagram. 3) vb. to determine the karyotype of a cell, as by… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • karyotype — kariotipas statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Organizmo somatinių ląstelių chromosomų visuma (jų skaičius, dydis, forma) metafazės metu. Kiekviena organizmų rūšis turi savitą, tik jai būdingą kariotipą. atitikmenys: angl.… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • karyotype — kariotipas statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Somatinių ląstelių chromosomų visuma, būdinga rūšiai arba atskiram organizmui. atitikmenys: angl. karyotype rus. кариотип …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • karyotype — n. [Gr. karyon, nucleus; typos, image] The particular chromosome complement of an individual or species, as defined by both number and morphology of the chromosomes, usually in mitotic metaphase …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology

  • karyotype — The complete set of chromosomes of a cell or organism. Used especially for the display prepared from photographs of mitotic chromosomes arranged in homologous pairs …   Dictionary of molecular biology


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