learning


learning
Generic term for the relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as a result of practice. SEE ALSO: conditioning, forgetting, memory.
- incidental l. l. without a direct attempt. SYN: passive l..
- insight l. the grasp of the solution to a problem without the intervening series of the trial and error steps that are associated with most types of l. ( e.g., a monkey housed behind the bars of a cage who, without proceeding through countless hours of futile attempts with one stick or the other, fits two sticks together to retrieve a banana outside the distance measured by either stick alone).
- latent l. that l. which is not evident to the observer at the time it occurs, but which is inferred from later performance in which l. is more rapid than would be expected without the earlier experience.
- passive l. SYN: incidental l..
- rote l. the l. of arbitrary relationships, usually by repetition of the l. procedure through memorization and without an understanding of the relationships.
- state-dependent l. l. during a specific state of sleep or wakefulness, or during a chemically altered state, where retrieval of learned information ( e.g., as measured by performance of a learned response) cannot be demonstrated unless the subject is restored to the state that originally existed during l..

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learn·ing n the process of acquiring a modification in a behavioral tendency by experience (as exposure to conditioning) in contrast to modifications occurring because of development or a temporary physiological condition (as fatigue) of the organism also the modified behavioral tendency itself

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learn·ing (lurґning) a relatively long-lasting adaptive behavioral change occurring as a result of experience.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • learning — UK US /ˈlɜːnɪŋ/ noun [U] ► the process of getting an understanding of something by studying it or by experience: »Knowledge and learning are essential factors for achieving successful outcomes. »Continuous learning and acquiring new skills are… …   Financial and business terms

  • Learning — Learn ing, n. [AS. leornung.] 1. The acquisition of knowledge or skill; as, the learning of languages; the learning of telegraphy. [1913 Webster] 2. The knowledge or skill received by instruction or study; acquired knowledge or ideas in any… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • learning — (n.) O.E. leornung learning, study, from leornian (see LEARN (Cf. learn)). Learning curve attested by 1907 …   Etymology dictionary

  • learning — I noun acquired knowledge, acquirements, acquisition of knowledge, analysis, attainment, body of knowledge, common knowledge, comprehension, discipline, edification, education, enlightenment, erudition, experience, extensive knowledge,… …   Law dictionary

  • learning — erudition, scholarship, *knowledge, science, information, lore Analogous words: *culture, cultivation, breeding, refinement: enlightenment (see corresponding verb at ILLUMINATE) …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • learning — [n] education, knowledge acquirements, attainments, culture, erudition, information, letters, literature, lore, research, scholarship, schooling, science, study, training, tuition, wisdom; concepts 274,409 Ant. ignorance …   New thesaurus

  • learning — ► NOUN ▪ knowledge or skills acquired through study or by being taught …   English terms dictionary

  • learning — [lʉr′niŋ] n. [ME lerning < OE leornung < leornian, to LEARN] 1. the acquiring of knowledge or skill 2. acquired knowledge or skill; esp., much knowledge in a special field SYN. INFORMATION …   English World dictionary

  • Learning — Learn and Learned redirect here. For other uses, see Learn (disambiguation) and Learned (disambiguation). Neuropsychology Topics …   Wikipedia

  • learning — /lerr ning/, n. 1. knowledge acquired by systematic study in any field of scholarly application. 2. the act or process of acquiring knowledge or skill. 3. Psychol. the modification of behavior through practice, training, or experience. [bef. 900; …   Universalium

  • learning — noun 1 process of learning sth ADJECTIVE ▪ effective, successful ▪ a model for effective learning ▪ independent ▪ distance (= by correspondence course) ▪ …   Collocations dictionary


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