Female


Female
The traditional definition of female was "an individual of the sex that bears young" or "that produces ova or eggs". However, things are not so simple today. Female can be defined by physical appearance, by chromosome constitution (see Female chromosome complement), or by gender identification. Female chromosome complement: The large majority of females have a 46, XX chromosome complement (46 chromosomes including two X chromosomes). A minority of females have other chromosome constitutions such as 45,X (45 chromosomes including only one X chromosome) and 47,XXX (47 chromosomes including three X chromosomes).
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In zoology, denoting the gender that bears the young or the ovum.
- genetic f. 1. an individual with a normal f. karyotype, including two X chromosomes; 2. an individual whose cell nuclei contain Barr sex chromatin bodies, which are normally absent in males.
- XO f. the genetic f. in Turner syndrome, where the criterion is the macroscopic appearance of the external genitals.
- XXX f. triple X syndrome.

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fe·male 'fē-.māl n an individual that bears young or produces eggs as distinguished from one that produces sperm esp a woman or girl as distinguished from a man or boy
female adj of, relating to, or being the sex that bears young or produces eggs

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fe·male (feґmāl) [L. femella young woman] 1. an individual organism of the sex that bears young or produces ova or eggs. 2. feminine.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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