mannitol


mannitol
The hexahydric alcohol, widespread in plants, derived by reduction of fructose; used in renal function testing to measure glomerular filtration, and intravenously as an osmotic diuretic. SYN: manna sugar, mannite.
- m. hexanitrate an explosive compound formed by the nitration of m.; when diluted with carbohydrate substances (one part of m. hexanitrate to nine or more parts of carbohydrate) it is not explosive, and is used as a vasodilator and hypotensive agent; it is slower in action than nitroglycerin; acts via the formation of nitric oxide. SYN: nitromannitol.

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man·ni·tol 'man-ə-.tȯl, -.tōl n a slightly sweet crystalline alcohol C6H14O6 found in many plants and used esp. as a diuretic and in testing kidney function

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n.
a diuretic administered by intravenous infusion to supplement other diuretics in the treatment of fluid retention (oedema), to relieve pressure in brain injuries, and also in the emergency treatment of glaucoma. Side-effects include fever and chills.

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man·ni·tol (manґĭ-tol) a 6-carbon sugar alcohol formed by reduction of mannose or fructose and widely distributed in plants and fungi. [USP] a pharmaceutical preparation of mannitol; an osmotic diuretic used to prevent and treat acute renal failure, to promote excretion of toxic substances, reducing their nephrotoxicity, and to reduce cerebral edema or elevated intracranial or intraocular pressure. Also used as an irrigating solution to prevent hemolysis during transurethral prostatic resection and other transurethral surgical procedures.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mannitol — Général Nom IUPAC hexane 1,2,3,4,5,6 hexol Synonymes D mannitol …   Wikipédia en Français

  • mannitol — [ manitɔl ] n. m. • 1924; angl. mannitol (1879), ou réfect. en ol de mannite, 1815, de 1. manne ♦ Biochim. Polyalcool cristallin blanc, présent à l état libre ou combiné chez de nombreux êtres vivants. On dit aussi MANNITE n. f. ● mannitol nom… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • mannitol — man ni*tol, n. [Mannite + ol.] 1. (Chem.) A white crystalline hexose ({HO.CH2.(CHOH)4.CH2.OH}) of a sweet taste obtained from a so called manna, the dried sap of the flowering ash ({Fraxinus ornus}); called also {mannite}, and {hydroxy hexane}.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mannitol — [man′ə tôl΄, man′ətōl΄] n. [< MANNITE + OL1] a colorless, crystalline sugar alcohol, C6H8 (OH) 6, occurring in various plants and animals …   English World dictionary

  • Mannitol — D Mannitol Systematic (IUPAC) name (2 …   Wikipedia

  • Mannitol — Strukturformel Allgemeines Freiname Mannitol Andere Namen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • mannitol — (= D mannitol) Hexitol related to D mannose. Found in plants, particularly fungi and seaweeds …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • mannitol — /man i tawl , tol /, n. 1. Chem. a white, crystalline, sweetish, water soluble, carbohydrate alcohol, C6H8(OH)6, occurring in three optically different forms, the common one being found in the manna of the ash Fraxinus ornus and in other plants:… …   Universalium

  • mannitol — manitolis statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Manozės redukcijos produktas. formulė H(CHOH)₆H atitikmenys: angl. mannite; mannitol rus. маннит; маннитол …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • mannitol — A drug used to decrease swelling of the brain and to treat kidney failure. Mannitol can also be used to open the blood brain barrier, which allows anticancer medicines to enter the brain and treat brain tumors …   English dictionary of cancer terms