mineral oil


mineral oil
A mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum, used as a vehicle in pharmaceutical preparations; occasionally used as an intestinal lubricant; can interfere with absorption of fat-soluble vitamins. SYN: heavy liquid petrolatum, liquid paraffin, liquid petroleum.

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mineral oil n
1) a liquid product of mineral origin that has the viscosity of an oil
2) a transparent oily liquid obtained usu. by distilling petroleum and used chiefly in medicine for treating constipation and esp. formerly as a demulcent and solvent for nose and throat medication called also liquid petrolatum, white mineral oil

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[USP] a mixture of liquid hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum, with a specific gravity of 0.845–0.905; used as a cathartic, as a skin emollient and cleanser, and as a solvent and oleaginous vehicle in pharmaceutical preparations. Called also heavy liquid petrolatum, liquid petrolatum, liquid paraffin, and white mineral o.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

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  • Mineral oil — Mineral Min er*al, a. 1. Of or pertaining to minerals; consisting of a mineral or of minerals; as, a mineral substance. [1913 Webster] 2. Impregnated with minerals; as, mineral waters. [1913 Webster] {Mineral acids} (Chem.), inorganic acids, as… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mineral oil — n. 1. any oil found in the rock strata of the earth; specif., petroleum 2. any colorless, tasteless oil derived from petroleum and used as a laxative …   English World dictionary

  • Mineral oil — For crude oil found in geological deposits, see Petroleum. Bottle of mineral oil as sold in the U.S. A mineral oil is any of various colorless, odorless, light mixtures of alkanes in the C15 to C40 range from a non vegetable (mineral) source,… …   Wikipedia

  • mineral oil — a colorless, oily, almost tasteless, water insoluble liquid, usually of either a standard light density (light mineral oil) or a standard heavy density (heavy mineral oil), consisting of mixtures of hydrocarbons obtained from petroleum by… …   Universalium

  • mineral oil — nafta statusas T sritis ekologija ir aplinkotyra apibrėžtis Žemės plutoje susidaręs degus aliejaus konsistencijos (paprastai tamsios spalvos, savito kvapo) skystis. Sudarytas iš įvairių angliavandenilių, deguonies, sieros ir azoto junginių. Iš… …   Ekologijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • mineral oil — Naphtha Naph tha (n[a^]f th[.a] or n[a^]p th[.a]), n. [L. naphtha, Gr. na fqa, fr.Ar. nafth, nifth.] 1. (Chem.) The complex mixture of volatile, liquid, inflammable hydrocarbons, occurring naturally, and usually called {crude petroleum}, {mineral …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • mineral oil — A type of oil that is made from petroleum (mixture of oily liquids found in the earth). Mineral oil is used in laxatives, lubricants, creams, and lotions …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • mineral oil — alyva statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Klampus angliavandenilių mišinys, gaunamas apdorojant mineralinės kilmės organines medžiagas. atitikmenys: angl. mineral oil rus. минеральное масло; нефтяное масло ryšiai: sinonimas – mineralinė alyva …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • mineral oil — Petroleum, mineral tar, rock oil, stone oil, Barbadoes tar, Seneca oil …   New dictionary of synonyms

  • mineral oil — noun Date: 1771 an oil of mineral origin; especially a refined petroleum oil used especially as a laxative …   New Collegiate Dictionary