mucopolysaccharide


mucopolysaccharide
General term for a protein-polysaccharide complex obtained from proteoglycans and containing as much as 95% polysaccharide; mucopolysaccharides include the blood group substances. A more modern term is glycosaminoglycan, as all of the known six classes contain major amounts of d-glucosamine and d-galactosamine.

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mu·co·poly·sac·cha·ride 'myü-kō-.päl-i-'sak-ə-.rīd n GLYCOSAMINOGLYCAN

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n.
one of a group of complex carbohydrates functioning mainly as structural components in connective tissue. Mucopolysaccharide molecules are usually built up of two repeating sugar units, one of which is an amino sugar. An example of a mucopolysaccharide is chondroitin sulphate, occurring in cartilage.

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mu·co·poly·sac·cha·ride (mu″ko-pol″e-sakґə-rīd) 1. glycosaminoglycan. 2. less frequently, any polysaccharide with a high hexosamine content, including the glycosaminoglycans, which are acidic, as well as neutral polysaccharides such as chitin.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • mucopolysaccharide — mucopolysaccharide. См. мукополисахарид. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • mucopolysaccharide — ● mucopolysaccharide ou mucopolyoside nom masculin Polyoside d origine animale renfermant un sucre aminé (glucosamine ou galactosamine). [Les principaux mucopolysaccharides sont la chitine, l acide hyaluronique, la chondroïtine, l héparine, les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Mucopolysaccharide — Mucopolysaccharide,   die Mukopolysaccharide …   Universal-Lexikon

  • mucopolysaccharide — [myo͞o΄kō päl΄i sak′ə rīd΄] n. [ MUCO + POLYSACCHARIDE] any of a group of complex carbohydrates that provides structural support for connective tissue, lubrication for all body joints, etc …   English World dictionary

  • Mucopolysaccharide — Glykosaminoglykane (GAG) oder Mucopolysaccharide sind linear aus sich wiederholenden Disacchariden aufgebaute, saure Polysaccharide.[1] Die einzelnen Disaccharid Einheiten bestehen dabei aus Estern einer Uronsäure (meist Glucuronsäure, seltener… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • mucopolysaccharide — n. one of a group of complex carbohydrates functioning mainly as structural components in connective tissue. Mucopolysaccharide molecules are usually built up of two repeating sugar units, one of which is an amino sugar. An example of a… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • mucopolysaccharide — noun Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1938 glycosaminoglycan …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • mucopolysaccharide — The polysaccharide components of proteoglycans, now more usually known as glycosaminoglycans …   Dictionary of molecular biology

  • mucopolysaccharide — /myooh koh pol ee sak euh ruyd , rid/, n. (formerly) glycosaminoglycan. [1935 40; MUCO + POLYSACCHARIDE] * * * …   Universalium

  • mucopolysaccharide — noun any polysaccharide consisting of alternating units of uronic acids and glycosamines, sometimes esterified with sulfuric acid …   Wiktionary