mustard


mustard
1. The dried ripe seeds of Brassica alba (white m.) and B. nigra (black m.) (family Cruciferae). 2. SYN: m. gas. [O.Fr. moustarde, fr. L. mustum, must]
- black m. the dried ripe seed of Brassica nigra or of B. juncea; it is the source of allyl isothiocyanate; it contains sinigrin (potassium myronate); myrosin; sinapine sulfocyanate; erucic, behenic, and synapolic acids; and fixed oil; a prompt emetic, a rubefacient, and a condiment.
- m. chlorohydrin SYN: hemisulfur m..
- hemisulfur m. an antineoplastic agent. SYN: m. chlorohydrin, semisulfur m..
- nitrogen mustards (HN2) compounds of the general formula R— N(CH2CH2C1) the prototype is HN-2 nitrogen m., mechlorethamine, in which R is CH3. Some have been used therapeutically for their destructive action upon lymphoid tissue in lymphosarcoma, leukemia, Hodgkin disease, and certain other cancers; most are blister agents. SEE ALSO: mechlorethamine hydrochloride.
- semisulfur m. SYN: hemisulfur m..
- sulfur m. SYN: m. gas.
- uracil m. uracil m..
- white m. the ripe seeds of Brassica (Sinapis) alba; less pungent than black m., but with the same constituents and uses.

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mus·tard 'məs-tərd n
1) a pungent yellow condiment consisting of the pulverized seeds of the black mustard or sometimes the white mustard either dry or made into a paste and serving as a stimulant and diuretic or in large doses as an emetic and as a counterirritant when applied to the skin as a poultice
2) any of several herbs (genus Brassica of the family Cruciferae, the mustard family) with lobed leaves, yellow flowers, and linear beaked pods see BLACK MUSTARD (1), WHITE MUSTARD
3 a) MUSTARD GAS
b) NITROGEN MUSTARD

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mus·tard (musґtərd) [L. sinapis] 1. any of several plants of the genus Brassica. 2. the ripe seeds of black mustard or white mustard; when they are crushed and moistened, volatile oils are liberated that are responsible for the counterirritant, stimulant, and emetic properties of mustard. 3. resembling, or something resembling, mustard in one or more of its properties; e.g., mustard gas, named for its odor.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mustard — may refer to: Contents 1 The mustard plant and its products 2 Other uses 2.1 Names 2.2 Fictional names …   Wikipedia

  • Mustard — Mus tard, n. [OF. moustarde, F. moutarde, fr. L. mustum must, mustard was prepared for use by being mixed with must. See {Must}, n.] 1. (Bot.) The name of several cruciferous plants of the genus {Brassica} (formerly {Sinapis}), as {white mustard} …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • MUSTARD — (Heb. חַרְדָּל, ḥardal), the name applied to two species, the common mustard (Sinapis alba), known in rabbinical literature as Egyptian mustard, and the kind called simply mustard. The latter was extracted from the seeds of a different botanical… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • mustard — (n.) late 13c. (late 12c. as a surname), from O.Fr. mostarde mustard, mustard plant (Mod.Fr. moutarde), from moust must, from L. mustum new wine (see MUST (Cf. must) (n.1)); so called because it was originally prepared by adding must to the… …   Etymology dictionary

  • mustard — [mus′tərd] n. [ME mustarde < OFr moustarde < moust, must < L mustum (see MUST3): orig. prepared with must as an ingredient] 1. any of several annual herbs (genus Brassica) of the crucifer family, with yellow flowers and slender pods… …   English World dictionary

  • mustard — ► NOUN 1) a hot tasting yellow or brown paste made from the crushed seeds of a plant, eaten with meat or used in cooking. 2) a brownish yellow colour. ORIGIN Old French moustarde, from Latin mustum must (because mustard was originally prepared… …   English terms dictionary

  • mustard — /mus teuhrd/, n. 1. a pungent powder or paste prepared from the seed of the mustard plant, used as a food seasoning or condiment, and medicinally in plasters, poultices, etc. 2. any of various acrid or pungent plants, esp. of the genus Brassica,… …   Universalium

  • Mustard — William T., Canadian thoracic surgeon, 1914–1987. See M. operation, M. procedure. * * * mus·tard məs tərd n 1) a pungent yellow condiment consisting of the pulverized seeds of the black mustard or sometimes the white mustard either dry or made… …   Medical dictionary

  • mustard — [[t]mʌ̱stə(r)d[/t]] mustards 1) N MASS Mustard is a yellow or brown paste usually eaten with meat. It tastes hot and spicy. ...a pot of mustard... Thinly paint the lamb with Dijon mustard. 2) N UNCOUNT Mustard is a small plant with yellow flowers …   English dictionary

  • mustard — /ˈmʌstəd / (say mustuhd) noun 1. a pungent powder or paste prepared from the seed of the mustard plant, much used as a food seasoning or condiment, and medicinally in plasters, poultices, etc. 2. any of various species of Brassica and allied… …   Australian English dictionary