naphthalene


naphthalene
A carcinogenic and toxic hydrocarbon obtained from coal tar; used for many syntheses in industry and in some moth repellents; n. can cause an attack of hemolytic anemia in individuals with a deficiency of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase. SYN: naphthalin, tar camphor.

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naph·tha·lene -.lēn n a crystalline aromatic hydrocarbon C10H8 usu. obtained by distillation of coal tar and used esp. in organic synthesis and formerly as a topical and intestinal antiseptic
naph·tha·len·ic .naf-thə-'len-ik, .nap-, -'lēn- adj

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naph·tha·lene (nafґthə-lēn) a silvery, crystalline hydrocarbon from coal tar oil, used as an intermediate, moth repellent, fungicide, and preservative and formerly used as an antiseptic in diarrhea of typhoid fever; it is toxic by ingestion, inhalation, and skin absorption.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Naphthalene — Naph tha*lene, n. (Chem.) A white crystalline aromatic hydrocarbon, {C10H8}, analogous to benzene, and obtained by the distillation of certain bituminous materials, such as the heavy oil of coal tar. It is the type and basis of a large number of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • naphthalene — (n.) 1821, coined by English chemist John Kidd (1775 1851), who first isolated and studied it, from NAPHTHA (Cf. naphtha) + chemical suffix INE (Cf. ine) (2) + l for the sake of euphony …   Etymology dictionary

  • naphthalene — [naf′thəlēn΄, nap′thəlēn΄] n. [earlier naphthaline < NAPHTHA + l + INE3] a white, crystalline, aromatic hydrocarbon, C10H8, produced in the fractional distillation of coal tar: it is used in moth repellents and in the manufacture of certain… …   English World dictionary

  • Naphthalene — Not to be confused with Naphtha, a broad term describing liquid hydrocarbon mixtures. Naphthalene …   Wikipedia

  • naphthalene — naphthalic /naf thal ik, nap /, naphthalenic /naf theuh len ik, nap /, adj. /naf theuh leen , nap /, n. Chem. a white, crystalline, water insoluble hydrocarbon, C10H8, usually obtained from coal tar: used in making dyes, as a moth repellant, etc …   Universalium

  • naphthalene — naftalenas statusas T sritis chemija formulė C₁₀H₈ atitikmenys: angl. naphthalene rus. нафталин …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • naphthalene — noun Etymology: alteration of earlier naphthaline, irregular from naphtha Date: 1821 a crystalline aromatic hydrocarbon C10H8 usually obtained by distillation of coal tar and used especially in organic synthesis …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • naphthalene — noun a) A white crystalline hydrocarbon manufactured from coal tar; used in mothballs. b) An aromatic bicyclic hydrocarbon, CH; an acene containing two fused benzene …   Wiktionary

  • naphthalene — naph|tha|lene [ˈnæfθəli:n] n also naph|tha [ˈnæfθə][U] a type of oil used for ↑fuel or for making chemicals …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • naphthalene — naph·thalene || næfθəliːn , næp n. crystalline hydrocarbon derived from coal tar used in making dye and moth repellant (Chemistry) …   English contemporary dictionary