Graft


Graft
: Healthy skin, bone, or other tissue taken from one part of the body to replace diseased or injured tissue removed from another part of the body. For example, skin grafts can be used to cover areas of skin that have been burned or surgically removed.
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1. Any tissue or organ for transplantation. 2. To transplant such structures. SEE ALSO: flap, implant, transplant. [A.S. graef]
- allogeneic g. SYN: allograft.
- animal g. SYN: zoograft.
- autogeneic g. SYN: autograft.
- autoplastic g. SYN: autograft.
- bone g. bone transplanted from a donor site to a recipient site, without anastomosis of nutrient vessels; bone can be transplanted within the same individual ( i.e., autogeneic g.) or between different individuals ( i.e., allogeneic g.). SEE ALSO: osteoplasty.
- chorioallantoic g. transplanting of living material to the chorioallantoic membrane of the embryonic chick.
- composite g. a g. composed of several tissues, such as skin and cartilage or a full-thickness segment of the ear.
- Davis g. “pinch grafts,” i.e., small pieces (2–3 mm) of full-thickness skin grafts.
- delayed g. delaying application of a skin g. for several days until recipient bed is clean or no longer bleeding.
- dermal g. a g. of dermis, made from skin by cutting away the epidermis.
- dermal-fat g. a dermal g. with attached subcutaneous fat.
- dowel g. in orthopedic surgery, a specific type of bone g. characterized by a circular shape usually obtained with special instruments used as a structural bone g. to obtain fusion between two adjacent vertebrae. SYN: dowel (4).
- fascia g. a g. of fibrous tissue, usually the fascia lata.
- fascicular g. a nerve g. in which each bundle of fibers is approximated and sutured separately.
- fat g. a free g. of fat.
- free g. a g. transplanted without its normal attachment (a pedicle) from one site to another.
- full-thickness g. a g. of the full thickness of mucosa and submucosa or of skin and subcutaneous tissue.
- funicular g. a nerve g. in which each funiculus (composed of two or more fasciculi) is approximated and sutured separately.
- H g. SYN: H shunt.
- heterotopic g. transplantation of a tissue or organ into a position it normally does not occupy.
- inlay g. a skin g. wrapped (raw side out) around a firm supporting material and inserted into a prepared surgical pocket. SYN: epithelial inlay.
- isogeneic g. SYN: syngraft.
- isologous g. SYN: syngraft.
- isoplastic g. SYN: syngraft.
- Krause g. a full-thickness skin g.. SYN: Krause-Wolfe g..
- Krause-Wolfe g. SYN: Krause g..
- mesh g. split-thickness g. incised with multiple staggered vertical cuts to allow expansion; used to cover problematic wounds or when donor skin is lacking.
- mucosal g. a g. of mucous membrane, usually the full thickness of the lining of the cheek or lower lip.
- nerve g. a nerve, or part of a nerve, used as a g..
- Ollier g. a thin split-thickness g.. SYN: Ollier-Thiersch g..
- Ollier-Thiersch g. SYN: Ollier g..
- onlay g. a bone g. applied on the outside of the recipient bone(s).
- orthotopic g. transplantation of a tissue or organ into its normal anatomic position.
- osteoperiosteal g. a g. of bone with its attached periosteum.
- partial-thickness g. SYN: split-thickness g..
- pedicle g. pedicle flap.
- periosteal g. a g. of periosteum.
- pinch g. old technique in which small bits of skin, of partial or full thickness, removed from a healthy area and seeded onto an open wound. SYN: Reverdin g..
- porcine g. a split-thickness g. from a pig, applied to a raw area on a human as a temporary dressing.
- primary skin g. a skin g. transferred immediately after the creation of a raw area.
- punch grafts small full-thickness grafts of the scalp, removed with a circular punch and transplanted to a bald area to grow hair.
- Reverdin g. SYN: pinch g..
- skin g. a piece of skin transplanted from one part of the body to another to cover a denuded area.
- sleeve g. a g. for repairing a severed nerve by connecting central and peripheral ends with a sleevelike structure, commonly, a segment of vein.
- split-skin g. SYN: split-thickness g..
- split-thickness g. a g. of the upper portions of the skin, i.e., the epidermis and part of the dermis, or of the mucosa and submucosa. SYN: partial-thickness g., split-skin g..
- Stent g. an inlay skin g., or a skin g. held in place by sutures tied over a conforming/immobilizing dressing.
- syngeneic g. SYN: syngraft.
- tendon g. a g. of tendon, as in tendon transplantation.
- Thiersch g. old term for split-thickness g., See Ollier-Thiersch g..
- Wolfe g. a full-thickness skin g. without subcutaneous fat. SYN: Wolfe-Krause g..
- Wolfe-Krause g. SYN: Wolfe g..
- zooplastic g. SYN: zoograft.

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graft 'graft vt to implant (living tissue) surgically <\grafted a new piece of artery into the ruptured portion of the old artery> vi to perform grafting
graft n
1) the act of grafting
2) something grafted specif living tissue used in grafting

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1. n. any organ, tissue, or object used for transplantation to replace a faulty part of the body. A skin graft is a piece of skin cut from a healthy part of the body and used to heal a damaged area of skin. A bone graft is healthy bone collected from the patient or from another person and used to fill a defect in a bone or as a stimulus to fracture healing. A healthy kidney removed from one person and transplanted to another individual is described as a kidney (or renal) graft. Corneal grafts are taken from a recently dead individual to repair corneal opacity (see keratoplasty). Diseased coronary arteries may be replaced by a coronary bypass graft. Artificial grafts are used to replace diseased peripheral arteries and heart valves.
2. vb. to transplant an organ or tissue. See also allograft, xenograft.

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(graft) 1. any tissue or organ for implantation or transplantation. 2. to implant or transplant such tissues. This term is preferred over transplant in the case of skin grafts. See also implant.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:
(inserted in another tree), , ,


Look at other dictionaries:

  • Graft — may refer to:*Grafting, where the tissues of one plant are affixed to the tissues of another *Medical grafting, a surgical procedure to transplant tissue without a blood supply *Skin grafting, a type of organ transplant procedure involving skin… …   Wikipedia

  • graft — [graft, gräft] n. [with unhistoric t, for earlier graff < ME graffe < OFr, a pencil < L graphium < Gr grapheion, stylus (see GRAPHIC): from resemblance of the scion to a pointed pencil] 1. a) a shoot or bud of one plant or tree… …   English World dictionary

  • Graft — ist ein altes Wort für einen Wassergraben, Gräfte die Bezeichnung für Transplantat in der medizinischen Fachsprache Graft heißt ein Teil des Dorfes Graft De Rijp die Graft Gesellschaft von Architekten ein im 14. Jahrhundert angelegter Wasserlauf… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Graft — Graft, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Grafted}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Grafting}.] [F. greffer. See {Graft}, n.] 1. To insert (a graft) in a branch or stem of another tree; to propagate by insertion in another stock; also, to insert a graft upon. [Formerly… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • graft — Ⅰ. graft [1] ► NOUN 1) a shoot from one plant inserted into a slit cut into another to form a new growth. 2) a piece of living bodily tissue that is transplanted surgically to replace diseased or damaged tissue. 3) an operation in which tissue is …   English terms dictionary

  • graft — I noun blackmail, bribery, corruption, exploitation, fraudulent income, hush money, illegal profit, illicit profit, illicit revenue, inserere, kickback, money illegally acquired, political corruption, profiteering, property illegally acquired,… …   Law dictionary

  • -graft- — [engl. graft = pfropfen]: in der Nomenklatur von Polymeren ein kursiv gesetztes Strukturinfix zur Beschreibung von ↑ Pfropfcopolymeren, bei denen auf eine (zuerst genannte) Hauptkette Seitenketten aufgepfropft sind, z. B. Polybutadien graft… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Graft — Graft, n. [Prob. orig. so called because illegitimate or improper profit was looked upon as a graft, or sort of excrescence, on a legitimate business undertaking, in distinction from its natural proper development.] 1. Acquisition of money,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Graft — Graft, n. [OE. graff, F. greffe, originally the same word as OF. grafe pencil, L. graphium, Gr. ?, ?, fr. ? to write; prob. akin to E. carve. So named from the resemblance of a scion or shoot to a pointed pencil. Cf. {Graphic}, {Grammar.}] (a) A… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Graft —   die, / en, Gräfte die, / , mit Wasser gefüllter Umfriedungsgraben, v. a. bei westfälischen Wasserschlössern. * * * Grạft, die; , en [mhd., ahd. graft, zu ↑graben; vgl. ↑Gracht] (Fachspr., sonst veraltet): Wassergraben um ein Schloss o. Ä.;… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • graft — [n1] transplant bud*, hybridization, implant, jointure, scion, shoot, slip, splice, sprout, union; concepts 113,257 graft [n2] payoff for fraud bribe, corruption, gain, hat*, hush money*, juice*, money, money under the table*, pay, payola*,… …   New thesaurus

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