A severe but relatively rare mental disorder characterized by the presence of systematized delusions, often of a persecutory character involving being followed, poisoned, or harmed by other means, in an otherwise intact personality. SEE ALSO: paranoid personality. [G. derangement, madness, fr. para- + noeo, to think]
- acute hallucinatory p. a form in which periods of hallucination occur in addition to the delusions.
- litigious p. a form of p. in which one is inclined to initiate lawsuits.

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para·noia .par-ə-'nȯi-ə n
1) a psychosis characterized by systematized delusions of persecution or grandeur usu. without hallucinations
2) a tendency on the part of an individual or group toward excessive or irrational suspiciousness and distrustfulness of others

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a mental disorder characterized by delusion organized into a system, without hallucinations or other marked symptoms of mental illness. It is a rare chronic condition; most people with such delusions will in time develop signs of other mental illness.
The same term is sometimes used more loosely for a state of mind in which the individual has a strong belief that he is persecuted by others. His behaviour is therefore suspicious and isolated. This can be a result of personality disorder as well as mental illnesses causing paranoid states.

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par·a·noia (par″ə-noiґah) 1. a term used to describe behavior characterized by well-systematized delusions of persecution, delusions of grandeur, or a combination of the two. There are several disorders in which paranoia may occur: see delusional disorder, shared psychotic disorder, paranoid personality disorder, and paranoid schizophrenia. 2. former name for the condition now called delusional disorder.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • PARANOÏA — Le mot «paranoïa» (du grec 神見福見, contre, et 益礼羽﨟, esprit) est synonyme de « folie » dans le langage populaire allemand depuis le XVIIIe siècle; en France, l’équivalent de ce mot est «paranoïe» (Larousse, 1874), terme beaucoup moins employé.… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • paranoia — PARANÓIA s.f. Nume generic pentru un grup de boli psihice cronice care se manifestă prin lipsă de logică în gândire, prin idei fixe, prin susceptibilitate, prin orgoliu exagerat, prin mania persecuţiei, prin halucinaţii etc.; boală care face… …   Dicționar Român

  • Paranoia — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Para otros usos de este término, véase Paranoia (desambiguación). Paranoia Clasificación y recursos externos …   Wikipedia Español

  • Paranoia — Sf Geistesgestörtheit, die zu Wahnvorstellungen führt per. Wortschatz fach. (20. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus gr. paránoia Torheit, Wahnsinn , Abstraktum zu gr. pará noos wahnsinnig , eigentlich neben dem Verstand seiend , zu gr. nóos, noũs m.… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

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  • paranoia — (n.) mental disorder characterized by systematized delusions, 1848 (earlier paranoea 1811), from Gk. paranoia mental derangement, madness, from paranoos mentally ill, insane, from para beside, beyond (see PARA (Cf. para )) + noos mind. FOR… …   Etymology dictionary

  • paranóia — s. f. 1.  [Psiquiatria] Designação dada a diversas perturbações psíquicas, geralmente associadas a desconfianças patológicas e erros de interpretação da realidade. 2. Falta de juízo. = LOUCURA, MALUQUICE • Sinônimo geral: PARANEIA   ‣ Etimologia …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • paranoia — par a*noi a (p[a^]r [.a]*noi [.a]), n. [NL., fr. Gr. para noia.] 1. (Med.) A chronic form of insanity characterized by very gradual impairment of the intellect, systematized delusion, and usually by delusions of persecution or mandatory delusions …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • paranoia — un término general para describir una condición psicológica caracterizada por una desconfianza patológica, orgullo desmesurado, falsedad de juicio, ausencia de autocrítica y agresividad. Diccionario ilustrado de Términos Médicos.. Alvaro Galiano …   Diccionario médico

  • paranoia — /para nɔja/ s.f. [dal gr. paránoia follia , comp. di para para 2 (per indicare disordine, condizione anormale) e di un tema affine a noûs mente ]. 1. (med.) [malattia mentale caratterizzata dallo sviluppo di manie di grandezza, persecuzione,… …   Enciclopedia Italiana

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