Penicillium


Penicillium
A genus of fungi (class Ascomycetes, order Aspergillales), species of which yield various antibiotic substances and biologicals; e.g., citrinum yields citrinin; P. claviforme, P. expansum, and P. patulum yield patulin; P. chrysogenum yields penicillin; P. griseofulvum yields griseofulvin; P. notatum yields penicillin and notatin; P. cyclopium and P. puberulum yield penicillic acid; P. purpurogenum and P. rubrum yield rubratoxin. P. marneffei is a true pathogen in Southeast Asia and in bamboo rats. [see penicillus]
- P. lilacinum SYN: Paecilomyces lilacinus.

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pen·i·cil·li·um .pen-ə-'sil-ē-əm n
1) cap a genus of fungi (as the blue molds) that have been grouped with the imperfect fungi but are now often placed with the ascomycetes and that are found chiefly on moist nonliving organic matter (as decaying fruit), are characterized by the erect branching conidiophores ending in tufts of club-shaped cells from which conidia are formed in chains, and include molds useful in economic fermentation and the production of antibiotics
2) pl -lia -ē-ə any mold of the genus Penicillium

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n.
a genus of mouldlike fungi that commonly grow on decaying fruit, bread, or cheese. The species P. rubrum is the major natural source of the antibiotic penicillin. Some species of Penicillium are pathogenic to humans, causing diseases of the skin and respiratory tract.

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Pen·i·cil·li·um (pen″ĭ-silґe-əm) [L. penicillum brush] a genus of Fungi Imperfecti of the form-class Hyphomycetes, form-family Moniliaceae; they develop fruiting organs resembling a broom or phalanges. Many species are commonly found in the human environment and occasionally cause penicilliosis. When identified, the perfect (sexual) stage is classified in the family Eurotiaceae.

Penicillium, showing the conidiophores and free conidia.


Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Penicillium — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Penicillium Penicillium …   Wikipedia Español

  • Penicillium — Penicillium …   Wikipédia en Français

  • penicillium — [ penisiljɔm ] n. m. • 1860; « partie disposée en manière de pinceau » 1836; penicillion 1817; lat. penicillum « pinceau » ♦ Bot. Champignon (périsporiacées) qui forme une moisissure verdâtre sur certaines matières exposées à l humidité. Les… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • penicillium — PENICÍLLIUM s.m. Specie de ciuperci cu mulţi nuclei din care se extrage penicilina. – Din fr. pénicillium. Trimis de valeriu, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  penicíllium s. m. (sil. li um) Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar ortografic … …   Dicționar Român

  • Penicillium — género de hongos, algunas especies de las cuales han estado provisionalmente ligadas a enfermedades humanas. La penicilina G se obtiene a partir de Penicillium chrysogenum y de P. notatum. Diccionario Mosby Medicina, Enfermería y Ciencias de la… …   Diccionario médico

  • penicillium — [pen΄i sil′ē əm] n. pl. penicilliums or penicillia [pen΄i sil′ə] [ModL < L penicillus (see PENCIL): from the tuftlike ends of the conidiophores] any of a genus (Penicillium) of imperfect fungi growing as green mold on stale bread, ripening… …   English World dictionary

  • Penicillĭum — (P. Lk.), Schimmelpilzgattung, zu Hyphomycetes Mucedines; Art: P. glaucum Griv., der gewöhnliche, eine weißliche Haut bildende Schimmel, mit grünlich blauen Samen auf eingemachten Früchten, Syrupen etc …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Penicillĭum — Lk. (Pinselschimmel), Pilzgattung aus der Familie der Perisporiazeen. P. glaucum Lk. (s. Tafel »Pilze IV«, Fig. 2) ist in seiner Konidienform der gemeinste, überall verbreitete Schimmelpilz, der auf Brot, eingemachten Früchten etc. in blaugrünen… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Penicillium — Penicillĭum Link., Pilzgattg. der Perisporiazeen; P. glaucum Link. (Pinsel oder Brotschimmel [Abb. 1354]), gemeinster Schimmelpilz, auf Brot, Früchten, geräucherten Fleischwaren etc. blaugrüne Krusten bildend …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Penicillium — Pinselschimmel Systematik Abteilung: Schlauchpilze (Ascomycota) Klasse: Echte Schlauchpilze (Ascomycetes) Unterklasse: Eurotiomycetidae Ordnung …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Penicillium — Taxobox name = Penicillium image width = 250px image caption = Penicillium sp. regnum = Fungi phylum = Deuteromycota classis = Eurotiomycetes ordo = Moniliales familia = Moniliaceae genus = Penicillium subdivision ranks = Species subdivision =… …   Wikipedia