Heimlich maneuver

Heimlich maneuver
An emergency treatment for obstruction of the airway in adults. It may be needed when someone chokes on a piece of food that has "gone down the wrong way." To perform the Heimlich maneuver, stand behind the victim, wrap your arms around their waist, makes a fist with one hand and holds the fist with the thumb side just below the breast bone. Place your other hand over this first and use it to pull sharply into the top of the choking person’s stomach and forcefully presses up into the victim's diaphragm to expel the obstruction (most commonly food). Repeat as necessary. In the early 1970s the American surgeon Henry Heimlich noted that food and other objects that caused choking by blocking the airway from the mouth to the lungs were not expelled by giving sharp blows to the back. In 1974 he devised a new method that he tested on laboratory dogs. The new manual thrust method — the "Heimlich maneuver" — is now in standard use. If the Heimlich maneuver is unsuccessful, an emergency tracheostomy may be needed to prevent suffocation.

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Heim·lich maneuver .hīm-lik- n the manual application of sudden upward pressure on the upper abdomen of a choking victim to force a foreign object from the trachea
Heimlich Henry Jay (b 1920)
American surgeon. Heimlich wrote a number of medical works for the layman, on such topics as surgery of the stomach, duodenum, and diaphragm and on postoperative care for thoracic surgery. He devised an operation for the replacement of the esophagus and developed the Heimlich maneuver, publishing a monograph on it in 1976.

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Heim·lich maneuver (hīmґlik) [Henry Jay Heimlich, American surgeon, born 1920] see under maneuver.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Heimlich maneuver — 1975, named for U.S. physician Henry Jay Heimlich (b. 1920) …   Etymology dictionary

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  • Heimlich maneuver — /huym lik/ an emergency rescue procedure for application to someone choking on a foreign object, in which the rescuer places a fist between the victim s lower ribs or upper abdomen from behind and exerts sudden pressure in the form of thrusts of… …   Universalium

  • Heimlich maneuver — noun Etymology: Henry J. Heimlich b1920 American surgeon Date: 1974 the manual application of sudden upward pressure on the upper abdomen of a choking victim to force a foreign object from the trachea …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Heimlich maneuver — upward thrust on abdomen, performed on choking victims (developed by Dr Henry Heimlich) …   Inventors, Inventions

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  • Heimlich Maneuver — (Medicine) removing an object from a choking person s throat by embracing him from behind and pressing quickly with the fist against the upper abdomen …   English contemporary dictionary

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