pneumoconiosis, pneumokoniosis


pneumoconiosis, pneumokoniosis
Inflammation commonly leading to fibrosis of the lungs caused by the inhalation of dust incident to various occupations; characterized by pain in the chest, cough with little or no expectoration, dyspnea, reduced thoracic excursion, sometimes cyanosis, and fatigue after slight exertion; degree of disability depends on the types of particles inhaled, as well as the level of exposure to them. SYN: anthracotic tuberculosis, pneumonoconiosis, pneumonokoniosis. [G. pneumon, lung, + konis, dust, + -osis, condition]
- bauxite p. a condition due to the occupational inhalation of bauxite fumes emitted during the manufacture of alumina abrasives; characterized by cough, shortness of breath, a combined obstructive and restrictive breathing pattern, and impairment of diffusing capacity. SYN: Shaver disease.
- coal worker's p. SYN: anthracosilicosis.
- collagenous p. a disease of the lungs, characterized by interstitial fibrosis, caused by inhalation of dusts or toxins in the workplace.
- p. siderotica (sid-er-ot′i-ka) p. caused by inhalation of iron dust. SYN: pulmonary siderosis.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Pneumoconiosis — Deposition of particulate matter (such as asbestos and silicon) in the lungs. * * * pneu·mo·co·ni·o·sis .n(y)ü mō .kō nē ō səs n, pl o·ses .sēz a disease of the lungs caused by the habitual inhalation of irritants (as mineral or metallic… …   Medical dictionary

  • pneumokoniosis — See pneumoconiosis. * * * pneu·mo·ko·ni·o·sis (noo″mo ko″ne oґsis) pneumoconiosis …   Medical dictionary

  • pneumokoniosis — noun see pneumoconiosis * * * pneumoconiosis /nū mō kō ni ōˈsis/, pneumokonioˈsis or pneumonokonioˈsis noun (Gr konia dust) any of various diseases caused by habitually inhaling mineral or metallic dust, as in coalmining • • • Main Entry: ↑pneumo …   Useful english dictionary

  • ПНЕВМОКОНИОЗЫ — ПНЕВМОКОНИОЗЫ, заболевания легких, обусловленные изменениями в легочной ткани под влиянием длительного вдыхания пыли в связи с проф. моментами. (П. включен в список проф. заболеваний, составленный Цустрахом в отношении страхования инвалидности.)… …   Большая медицинская энциклопедия