Host


Host
In medicine and biology, the host can be a number of different things, including: {{}}The organism from which a parasite obtains its nutrition and/or shelter; An organism or cell culture in which a virus can replicate itself; and The transplant recipient of a tissue or organ graft.
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The organism in or on which a parasite lives, deriving its body substance or energy from the h.. [L. hospes, a h.]
- accidental h. one that harbors an organism which usually does not infect it.
- amplifier h. a h. in which infectious agents multiply rapidly to high levels, providing an important source of infection for vectors in vector-borne diseases.
- dead-end h. a h. from which infectious agents are not transmitted to other susceptible hosts.
- definitive h. one in which a parasite reaches the adult or sexually mature stage. SYN: final h..
- final h. SYN: definitive h..
- intermediate h., intermediary h. 1. one in which larval or developmental stages occur; 2. a h. through which a microorganism can pass or which contains an asexual stage of a parasite. SYN: secondary h..
- paratenic h. an intermediate h. in which no development of the parasite occurs, although its presence may be required as an essential link in the completion of the parasite's life cycle; e.g., the successive fish hosts that carry the plerocercoid of Diphyllobothrium latum, the broad fish tapeworm, to larger food fish eventually eaten by humans or other final hosts. SYN: transport h..
- reservoir h. the h. of an infection in which the infectious agent multiplies and/or develops, and upon which the agent is dependent for survival in nature; the h. essential for the maintenance of the infection during times when active transmission is not occurring.
- secondary h. SYN: intermediate h..
- transport h. SYN: paratenic h..
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healthcare open systems and trials; hybrid open system technology; hypo-osmotic shock treatment

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host 'hōst n
1) a living animal or plant on or in which a parasite lives see DEFINITIVE HOST, INTERMEDIATE HOST
2) the larger, stronger, or dominant one of a commensal or symbiotic pair
3 a) an individual into which a tissue or part is transplanted from another
b) an individual in whom an abnormal growth (as a cancer) is proliferating

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n.
an animal or plant in or upon which a parasite lives. An intermediate host is one in which the parasite passes its larval or asexual stages; a definitive host is one in which the parasite develops to its sexual stage.

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(hōst) [L. hospes] 1. an animal or plant that harbors or nourishes another organism (parasite). 2. the recipient of an organ or tissue transplanted from another organism (the donor).

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Host — Host …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Host — • Archaeological and historical aspects Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Host     Host     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Host — Host(s) may refer to:In Christianity: * Heavenly host, an army of good angels in Heaven * Host (Holy Communion), bread in the EucharistIn culture: * Host (event), a television or radio show presenter * Host (album), a 1999 album by the band… …   Wikipedia

  • host — host·al; host·ess ship; host·ing; host·less; host·ly; kink·host; host; non·host; host·ess; …   English syllables

  • Host — (h[=o]st), n. [OE. host, ost, OF. host, ost, fr. L. hostis enemy, LL., army. See {Guest}, and cf. {Host} a landlord.] 1. An army; a number of men gathered for war. [1913 Webster] A host so great as covered all the field. Dryden. [1913 Webster] 2 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Host — [hoʊst] (englisch „Wirt“, „Gastgeber“) steht für: Host (Datenbankanbieter), Computer, der im Internet Datenbanken zur Verfügung stellt Host (Informationstechnik), Computer, der Dienste in einem Rechnernetz zur Verfügung stellt ein Gerät mit IP… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Host — 〈[ hoʊst] m. 6〉 1. 〈kurz für〉 Hostcomputer 2. Adresse im Internet [engl., eigtl. „Gastgeber“] * * * Host [hoʊst ], der; [s], s [engl. host ↑ (Hostess)] (EDV): (in einem System von Computern od. Terminals) Zentralrechner mit permanenter… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • host — Ⅰ. host [1] ► NOUN 1) a person who receives or entertains guests. 2) the presenter of a television or radio programme. 3) a person, place, or organization that holds and organizes an event to which others are invited. 4) often humorous the… …   English terms dictionary

  • host — host1 [hōst] n. [ME hoste < OFr hoiste < ML(Ec) hostia, consecrated host < L, animal sacrificed, prob. < hostire, to recompense, requite] 1. a wafer of the bread used in a Eucharistic service 2. [H ] a consecrated Eucharistic wafer… …   English World dictionary

  • Host — (h[=o]st), n. [OE. host, ost, OF. hoste, oste, F. h[^o]te, from L. hospes a stranger who is treated as a guest, he who treats another as his guest, a hostl prob. fr. hostis stranger, enemy (akin to E. guest a visitor) + potis able; akin to Skr.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Höst — Høst ist der Name von Gerd Høst Heyerdahl (1915−2007), norwegische Schauspielerin, Schriftstellerin und Professorin für Germanistik Jens Kragh Høst (1772−1844), dänischer Jurist, Historiker und Übersetzer …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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