Human Genome Project


Human Genome Project
International effort aimed at identifying and sequencing (ordering) all of the bases in the human genome. American participation in this monumental undertaking has been supported by funds from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the Department of Energy (DOE).
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A comprehensive effort by molecular biologists worldwide to map the human genome, which consists of about 100,000 genes, or 3 billion nucleotide base pairs. SYN: Human Genome Initiative.Initiated by Congress in 1990, the U.S. H. is a 15-year multidisciplinary effort, jointly administered by the Department of Energy and the National Institutes of Health, to map and sequence the human genome. Similar undertakings have been launched by Great Britain, Japan, and other countries, as well as by privately funded organizations. If printed out, the entire human genome would fill 1000 large-city telephone books, each having 1000 pages. Sequencing the DNA in all 46 chromosomes is expected to take 15 years and cost $3 billion, even with the help of polymerase chain reactions, fluorescent in situ hybridization, cloning of DNA segments, and automated sequencing technology. The resulting map will be a highly idealized representation, like an illustration in an anatomy atlas, since no 2 persons, except (perhaps) identical twins, have exactly the same genetic makeup. Completion of the genomic map will broaden our understanding of human biology and facilitate the detection and treatment of genetic diseases. Projects also under way to study the genomes of bacteria, yeasts, crop plants, farm animals, and other organisms will foster advances in agriculture, environmental science, and industrial processes. About 5% of the budget of the H. has been devoted to anticipating and resolving the ethical, legal, and social issues likely to arise from this research.

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an international research effort to map and sequence the entire human genome, and to analyze, store, and make available the information obtained.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Human Genome Project — The Human Genome Project (HGP) was an international scientific research project with a primary goal to determine the sequence of chemical base pairs which make up DNA and to identify the approximately 25,000 genes of the human genome from both a… …   Wikipedia

  • Human Genome Project — a federally funded U.S. scientific project to identify both the genes and the entire sequence of DNA base pairs that make up the human genome. [1985 90] * * * U.S. research effort initiated in 1990 by the U.S. Department of Energy and the… …   Universalium

  • Human Genome Project — Das Humangenomprojekt (HGP, engl. Human Genome Project) wurde im Herbst 1990 mit dem Ziel gegründet, das Genom des Menschen vollständig zu entschlüsseln, d. h. die Abfolge der Basenpaare in der menschlichen DNA auf ihren einzelnen Chromosomen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Human Genome Project — a massive international research project to elucidate the entire sequence of genes on all the human chromosomes. The human genome comprises some 3000 million nucleotide base pairs (see DNA) forming about 30,000 genes, distributed between 23 pairs …   Medical dictionary

  • Human Genome Project — noun an international scientific project to identify and map the genes of the human genome, based in the US; begun in 1990; first complete results released in 2003 with continuing analysis; potential applications in medicine and other areas.… …   Australian English dictionary

  • Human Genome Project — Projet génome humain Pour les articles homonymes, voir PGH. Le Projet Génome Humain est un projet entrepris en 1990 dont la mission était d établir le séquençage complet de l ADN du génome humain. Son achèvement a été annoncé en avril 2003[1]. Le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Human Genome Project — a massive international research project to elucidate the entire sequence of genes on all the human chromosomes. The human genome comprises some 3000 million nucleotide base pairs (see DNA) forming about 30,000 genes, distributed between 23 pairs …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Human Genome Project — Hu′man Ge′nome Proj ect n. gen a scientific project to identify both the genes and the entire sequence of DNA base pairs that make up the human genome • Etymology: 1985–90 …   From formal English to slang

  • Human Genome Project — Human Ge|nome Proj|ect, the an international scientific project that started in 1988. Its aim was to find and describe every ↑gene in every ↑chromosome in the human body, and to find out what each gene s purpose is, especially in order to… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • Human Genome Project — noun an international study of the entire human genetic material • Instance Hypernyms: ↑scientific research, ↑research project …   Useful english dictionary


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