Humerus


Humerus
The long bone in the arm which extends from the shoulder to the elbow.
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The bone of the arm, articulating with the scapula above and the radius and ulna below. SYN: arm bone. [L. shoulder]

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hu·mer·us 'hyüm-(ə-)rəs n, pl hu·meri 'hyü-mə-.rī, -.rē the longest bone of the upper arm or forelimb extending from the shoulder to the elbow, articulating above by a rounded head with the glenoid fossa, having below a broad articular surface divided by a ridge into a medial pulley-shaped portion and a lateral rounded eminence that articulate with the ulna and radius respectively, and providing various processes and modified surfaces for the attachment of muscles

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n.
the bone of the upper arm (see illustration). The head of the humerus articulates with the scapula at the shoulder joint. At the lower end of the shaft the trochlea articulates with the ulna and part of the radius. The radius also articulates with a rounded protuberance (the capitulum) close to the trochlea. Depressions (fossae) at the front and back of the humerus accommodate the ulna and radius, respectively, when the arm is flexed or straightened.

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hu·mer·us (huґmər-əs) gen. and pl. huґmeri [L.] [TA] the bone that extends from the shoulder to the elbow articulating proximally with the scapula and distally with the radius and ulna; see illustration and Plate 40. humeral adj

Anterior view of right humerus.


Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • humérus — [ ymerys ] n. m. • XVIe; lat. humerus « épaule » ♦ Os long constituant le squelette du bras, de l épaule au coude. Saillies de l extrémité supérieure (⇒ trochin, trochiter) , inférieure (⇒ condyle, épicondyle, trochlée) de l humérus. Tête de l… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • humerus — HÚMERUS s.n. Os lung, pereche, cuprins între umăr şi cot, formând scheletul braţului. – Din fr. humérus, lat. humerus. Trimis de gall, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DEX 98  húmerus s. n., pl. húmeruşi Trimis de siveco, 10.08.2004. Sursa: Dicţionar… …   Dicționar Român

  • Humerus — Humérus 1:tête de l humérus 2:sillon intertuberculaire 3:tubercule majeur 4:tubercule mineur 5:crête du tubercule mineur 6:crête du tubercule majeur 7:tubérosité deltoïdienne 8:crête supracondylaire latérale 9:fosse radiale 10:épicondyle latéral… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Humerus — Hu me*rus, n.; pl. {Humeri}. [L.] (Anat.) (a) The bone of the brachium, or upper part of the arm or fore limb. (b) The part of the limb containing the humerus; the brachium. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • humerus — [hyo͞o′mər əs] n. pl. humeri [hyo͞o′mərī] [L humerus, umerus, the shoulder, upper arm < IE * om(e)sos, the shoulder > Sans áṃsa , Gr ōmos] the bone of the upper arm or forelimb, extending from the shoulder to the elbow: see SKELETON …   English World dictionary

  • Humĕrus — (lat.), 1) Schulter, Schulterblatt; 2) Oberarm, Oberarmbein. Daher humerāils (humerarius), was sich auf die Schulter od. auf den Oberarm bezieht; daher H. arteria, H. vena, Armarterie, Armvene (s. b.) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Humĕrus — (lat.), der Oberarm, s. Arm …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Humerus —   [lateinisch] der, /...ri, der Oberarmknochen (Arm) …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Humerus — Humerus, Oberarmknochen ⇒ Stylopodium …   Deutsch wörterbuch der biologie

  • humerus — 1706, bone of the upper arm, originally (14c.) shoulder, a misspelled borrowing of L. umerus shoulder, from PIE *om(e)so (Cf. Skt. amsah, Gk. omos, O.N. ass, Goth. ams shoulder ) …   Etymology dictionary

  • humerus — ► NOUN (pl. humeri) Anatomy ▪ the bone of the upper arm or forelimb, between the shoulder and the elbow. DERIVATIVES humeral adjective. ORIGIN Latin, shoulder …   English terms dictionary


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