Humoral


Humoral
Pertaining to elements in the blood or other body fluids. In medicine, humor refers to a fluid (or semifluid) substance. Thus, the aqueous humor is the fluid normally present in the front and rear chambers of the eye. The humors were part of an ancient theory that held that health came from balance between the bodily liquids. These liquids were termed humors. Disease arose when imbalance occurred between the humors. The humors were: {{}}Phlegm (water) Blood Gall (black bile thought to be secreted by the kidneys and spleen) Choler (yellow bile secreted by the liver) This theory (which was variously called the humoral theory, humoralism, and humorism) was devised well before Hippocrates (c.460-c.375 BC). It was not definitively demolished until Rudolf Virchow published his formative book, Cellularpathologie, in 1858 that laid out the cellular basis of pathology. Today pathology rests on a cellular and molecular foundation. The humors have been dispelled, except for the aqueous humor and vitreous humor of the eye.
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Relating to a humor in any sense.

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hu·mor·al '(h)yüm-(ə-)rəl adj
1) of, relating to, proceeding from, or involving a bodily humor (as a hormone) <\humoral control of sugar metabolism>
2) relating to or being the part of immunity or the immune response that involves antibodies secreted by B cells and circulating in bodily fluids <\humoral immunity> <\humoral immune response> <\humoral system of immunity> compare CELL-MEDIATED

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adj.
circulating in the bloodstream; humoral immunity requires circulating antibodies.

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hu·mor·al (huґmər-əl) 1. pertaining to elements dissolved in the blood or body fluids, e.g., humoral immunity from antibodies in the blood as opposed to cellular immunity. 2. pertaining to one of the humors of the body or to humoralism.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • humoral — humoral, ale, aux [ ymɔral, o ] adj. • 1370; lat. médiév. humoralis, de humor → humeur ♦ Didact. Relatif aux liquides organiques. Immunité humorale. Théorie humorale. ⇒ humorisme. ● humoral, humorale, humoraux adjectif (latin médiéval humoralis,… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Humoral — Hu mor*al, a. [Cf. F. humoral.] Pertaining to, or proceeding from, the humors; as, a humoral fever. [1913 Webster] {Humoral pathology} (Med.), the pathology, or doctrine of the nature of diseases, which attributes all morbid phenomena to the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • humoral — pertaining to the humors of the body, 1520s, from M.Fr. humoral (14c.), from L. humor (see HUMOR (Cf. humor)) …   Etymology dictionary

  • Humoral — Humorāl (lat.), die Säfte des Körpers betreffend …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • humoral — humoral, ale (u mo ral, ra l ) adj. Terme de médecine. Qui a rapport aux humeurs, qui vient des humeurs. Les maladies humorales. HISTORIQUE    XIVe s. •   Hargne humorale est aposteme engendrée d un ou plusieurs humeurs assemblés au scrotum...,… …   Dictionnaire de la Langue Française d'Émile Littré

  • humoral — adj. 2 g. 1. Relativo a humor. 2. Que causa humores …   Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa

  • humoral — adj. Perteneciente o relativo a los humores …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • humoral — [hyo͞o′mər əl] adj. [ModL (Paracelsus) humoralis < L humor] of or relating to the humors of the body …   English World dictionary

  • humoral — ► adjetivo ANATOMÍA De los humores. * * * humoral adj. De los humores del organismo. * * * humoral. adj. Perteneciente o relativo a los humores. * * * ► adjetivo Relativo al humor (líquido). ► Relativo al humor y empleado principalmente en… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • humoral — {{#}}{{LM H20794}}{{〓}} {{[}}humoral{{]}} ‹hu·mo·ral› {{《}}▍ adj.inv.{{》}} De los humores o relacionado con estos líquidos: • Los anticuerpos forman parte fundamental de la inmunidad humoral.{{○}} …   Diccionario de uso del español actual con sinónimos y antónimos


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