Hybrid
The word "hybrid" has a number of different biomedical meanings. In transmission genetics, a hybrid is the result of a cross between two genetically dissimilar parents. The offspring of unlike parents. If the parents are sufficiently dissimilar, the hybrid may be sterile (for example, in the crossing of horse and donkey to produce a mule). In cell genetics, a hybrid cell is one that contains components from one or more genomes (other than zygotes and their derivatives). Hybrid cells may be formed by several techniques including cell fusion, the fusion of two or more cells. In molecular genetics, a hybrid DNA molecule is a DNA molecule with strands of different origin.
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1. An individual (plant or animal) whose parents are different varieties of the same species or belong to different but closely allied species. 2. Fused tissue culture cells, as in a hybridoma. 3. A bond or valence orbital obtained by the linear combination of two or more different atomic orbitals. SYN: crossbreed (1). [L. hybrida, offspring of a tame sow and a wild boar, fr. G. hybris, violation, wantonness]
- DNA-RNA h. double-stranded polynucleic acids in which one strand is DNA and the other strand is the complementary RNA; formed during transcription and during multiplication of oncogenic RNA viruses.
- SV40-adenovirus h. a virion consisting of SV40 genetic material encased in an adenovirus capsid.

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hy·brid 'hī-brəd n
1) an offspring of two animals or plants of different races, breeds, varieties, species, or genera
2) something heterogeneous in origin or composition <artificial \hybrids of DNA and RNA> <somatic cell \hybrids of mouse and human cells>
hybrid adj
hy·brid·ism -brə-.diz-əm n
hy·brid·i·ty hī-'brid-ət-ē n, pl -ties

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n.
the offspring of a cross between two genetically unlike individuals. A hybrid, whose parents are usually of different species or varieties, is often sterile.

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hy·brid (hiґbrid) [L. hybrida mongrel] 1. an offspring produced by genetically different parents, particularly those of different species. 2. something of mixed origin or composition.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

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  • Hybrid — Datos generales Origen España, Madrid Información artístic …   Wikipedia Español

  • hybrid — or hybrid security A package or combination of financial instruments. Hybrid structures range from simple to highly complex. See structured notes. American Banker Glossary A package of two or more different kinds of risk management instruments… …   Financial and business terms

  • Hybrid — Hy brid, a. 1. Produced from the mixture of two genetically distinct strains; as, plants of hybrid nature. [1913 Webster] 2. derived by a mixture of characteristics from two distinctly different sources; as, a hybrid musical style; a hybrid DNA… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Hybrid-CD —   [lat. hybrida, »Mischling«, »Bastard«], eine CD ROM, die sowohl von einem PC als auch von einem Macintosh Computer (Kurzform Mac) gelesen werden kann. Da PCs und Macs unterschiedliche Dateisysteme verwenden ein PC das System nach ISO 9660, ein… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Hybrid — Hy brid, n. [L. hybrida, hibrida, prob. allied to Gr. ? wantonness (as if unbridled, lawless, unnatural), perh. akin to Gr. ype r over, E. over: cf. F. hybride.] 1. (Biol.) The offspring of the union of two animals or plants derived from… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • hybrid — hybrid:⇨überheblich hybrid→eingebildet …   Das Wörterbuch der Synonyme

  • hybrid — [hī′brid] n. [L hybrida, offspring of mixed parentage] 1. the offspring produced by crossing two individuals of unlike genetic constitution; specif., the offspring of two animals or plants of different races, varieties, species, etc. 2. anything… …   English World dictionary

  • hybrid — hybrid. См. гибрид. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • Hybrid — (Hybridisch, v. lat. hybridus), 1) s. Hidrida; 2) von Pflanzen, welche durch Kreuzung erzeugt, Planta hybrida, also eine Bastardpflanze. Hybriditas, die Kreuzung, Bastarderzeugung, die künstliche (od. auch natürliche) Befruchtung des Pistills mit …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Hybrīd — (hybridisch), durch geschlechtliche Kreuzung entstandene Nachkommenschaft von Eltern, die verschiedenen Arten oder Varietäten angehören (vgl. Bastardpflanzen); Hybridation, Kreuzung; hybridisches Geschöpf, soviel wie Mischling, Blendling,… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Hybrid — Hybrīd, hybrīdisch (lat., auch hibrid etc.), von zweierlei Abkunft, zwitterartig, unecht; Hybriden, Blendlinge, Bastarde, insbes. Bastardpflanzen (s.d.); Vox hybrĭda, ein aus zwei verschiedenen Sprachen zusammengesetztes Wort; Hybridation,… …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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