protoplasm


protoplasm
1. Living matter, the substance of which animal and vegetable cells are formed. SEE ALSO: cytoplasm, nucleoplasm. 2. The total cell material, including cell organelles. Cf.:cytoplasm, cytosol, hyaloplasm. SYN: plasmogen. [proto- + G. plasma, thing formed]
- totipotential p. living matter with the least recognizable differentiation of structure but with the greatest potential, all cell organs being formable by it.

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pro·to·plasm 'prōt-ə-.plaz-əm n
1) the organized colloidal complex of organic and inorganic substances (as proteins and water) that constitutes the living nucleus, cytoplasm, plastids, and mitochondria of the cell and is regarded as the only form of matter in which the vital phenomena (as metabolism and reproduction) are manifested
2) CYTOPLASM

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n.
the material of which living cells are made, which includes the cytoplasm and nucleus.
protoplasmic adj.

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pro·to·plasm (proґto-plaz″əm) [proto- + -plasm] a general term for the substance of the cell; see cytoplasm and nucleoplasm. protoplasmatic, protoplasmic adj

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Protoplasm — is the living contents of a cell that are surrounded by a plasma membrane.cite book |author=Cammack, Richard; Teresa Atwood; Attwood, Teresa K.; Campbell, Peter Scott; Parish, Howard I.; Smith, Tony; Vella, Frank; Stirling, John |title=Oxford… …   Wikipedia

  • Protoplasm — Pro to*plasm, n. [Proto + Gr. ? form, fr. ? to mold.] (Biol.) The viscid and more or less granular material of vegetable and animal cells, possessed of vital properties by which the processes of nutrition, secretion, and growth go forward; the so …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • protoplasm — protoplasm. См. протоплазма. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.

  • protoplasm — 1848, from Ger. Protoplasma (1846), used by German botanist Hugo von Mohl (1805 72), from Gk. proto first (see PROTO (Cf. proto )) + plasma something molded (see PLASMA (Cf. plasma)). The word was in Late Latin meaning first created thing, and… …   Etymology dictionary

  • protoplasm — ► NOUN Biology ▪ the material comprising the living part of a cell, including the cytoplasm, nucleus, and other organelles. DERIVATIVES protoplasmic adjective. ORIGIN Greek pr toplasma, from protos first + plasma (see PLASMA(Cf. ↑plasmic)) …   English terms dictionary

  • protoplasm — [prōt′ə plaz΄əm] n. [Ger protoplasma: see PROTO & PLASMA] a semifluid, viscous, translucent colloid, the essential living matter of all animal and plant cells: it consists largely of water, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, and inorganic salts and …   English World dictionary

  • protoplasm — protoplasmic, protoplasmal, protoplasmatic /proh toh plaz mat ik/, adj. /proh teuh plaz euhm/, n. 1. Biol. (no longer in technical use) the colloidal and liquid substance of which cells are formed, excluding horny, chitinous, and other structural …   Universalium

  • PROTOPLASM —    a name given to presumed living matter forming the physical bases of all forms of animal and vegetable life; the term is now superseded by the term bioplasm. See DR. STIRLING, AS REGARDS PROTOPLASM …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • protoplasm — protoplazma statusas T sritis augalininkystė apibrėžtis Gyvasis ląstelės turinys, apsuptas plazmalemos, eukariotų; tai branduolys su citoplazma. atitikmenys: angl. protoplasm rus. протоплазма ryšiai: sinonimas – bioplazma …   Žemės ūkio augalų selekcijos ir sėklininkystės terminų žodynas

  • protoplasm — noun Etymology: German Protoplasma, from prot + New Latin plasma Date: 1848 1. the organized colloidal complex of organic and inorganic substances (as proteins and water) that constitutes the living nucleus, cytoplasm, plastids, and mitochondria… …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • protoplasm — n. [Gr. protos, first; plasma, formed or molded] Matter by which the phenomena of life are manifested …   Dictionary of invertebrate zoology


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