repair


repair
Restoration of diseased or damaged tissues naturally by healing processes or artificially, as by surgical means. [M.E., fr. O.Fr., fr. L. re-paro, fr. re-, back, again, + paro, prepare, put in order]
- error-prone r. SYN: SOS r..
- excision r. the use of a complementary DNA strand as a template to replace a damaged segment of DNA.
- mismatch r. replacement of mismatched base pairs by removal of the incorrect base and replacement with the correct base by DNA polymerase.
- recombinatorial r. the incorporation of corresponding DNA of a DNA segment from an identical DNA molecule for the purpose of replacing a damaged segment of DNA.
- SOS r. a system that repairs severely damaged bases in DNA by base excision and replacement, even if there is no template to guide base selection. This process is a last resort for r. and is often the cause of mutations. SYN: error-prone r..
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Reperfusion in Acute Infarction, Rotterdam [study]

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re·pair ri-'pa(ə)r, -'pe(ə)r vt to restore to a sound or healthy state <a surgical procedure to \repair damaged tissue>
repair n
1 a) the act or process of repairing <surgical \repair of a detached retina>
b) an instance or result of repairing
2) the replacement of destroyed cells or tissues by new formations

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re·pair (re-pārґ) 1. restoration to sound condition after damage or injury. 2. physical or mechanical restoration of damaged or diseased tissues by the growth of healthy new cells or by surgical apposition.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Repair — Re*pair , v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Repaired} ( p?rd ); p. pr. & vb. n. {Repairing}.] [F. r[ e]parer, L. reparare; pref. re re + parare to prepare. See {Pare}, and cf. {Reparation}.] 1. To restore to a sound or good state after decay, injury,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • repair — I noun adjustment, alteration, amelioration, betterment, correction, cure, fixing, improvement, melioration, mending, overhaul, patching, reanimation, reassembling, reconditioning, reconstruction, recovery, rectification, redintegration,… …   Law dictionary

  • Repair — Re*pair , n. 1. Restoration to a sound or good state after decay, waste, injury, or partial restruction; supply of loss; reparation; as, materials are collected for the repair of a church or of a city. [1913 Webster] Sunk down and sought repair… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • repair — repair1 [ri per′] vt. [ME repairen < OFr reparer < L reparare < re , again + parare, to get ready, PREPARE] 1. to put back in good condition after damage, decay, etc.; mend; fix 2. to renew; restore; revive [to repair one s health] 3. to …   English World dictionary

  • Repair — Re*pair , n. [OF. repaire retreat, asylum, abode. See {Repair} to go.] 1. The act of repairing or resorting to a place. [R.] Chaucer. [1913 Webster] The king sent a proclamation for their repair to their houses. Clarendon. [1913 Webster] 2. Place …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • repair — ‘mend’ [14] and repair ‘go’ [14] are two distinct words. The former comes via Old French reparer from Latin reparāre ‘put back in order’, a compound verb formed from the prefix re ‘back’ and parāre ‘put in order’ (source of English prepare).… …   The Hutchinson dictionary of word origins

  • repair — Ⅰ. repair [1] ► VERB 1) restore (something damaged, worn, or faulty) to a good condition. 2) set right (a rift in relations). ► NOUN 1) the action of repairing. 2) a result of this. 3) the relative ph …   English terms dictionary

  • repair — ‘mend’ [14] and repair ‘go’ [14] are two distinct words. The former comes via Old French reparer from Latin reparāre ‘put back in order’, a compound verb formed from the prefix re ‘back’ and parāre ‘put in order’ (source of English prepare).… …   Word origins

  • Repair — Re*pair (r? p?r ), v. i. [OE. repairen, OF. repairier to return, fr. L. repatriare to return to one s contry, to go home again; pref. re re + patria native country, fr. pater father. See {Father}, and cf. {Repatriate}.] 1. To return. [Obs.] [1913 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • repair — [n] restoration, fixing adjustment, darn, improvement, mend, new part, overhaul, patch, reconstruction, reformation, rehabilitation, replacement, substitution; concepts 513,700,824 Ant. breaking, damage, destruction, harm, hurt, injury, neglect,… …   New thesaurus

  • repair — repair. См. репаративный синтез. (Источник: «Англо русский толковый словарь генетических терминов». Арефьев В.А., Лисовенко Л.А., Москва: Изд во ВНИРО, 1995 г.) …   Молекулярная биология и генетика. Толковый словарь.


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