sarcoidosis


sarcoidosis
A systemic granulomatous disease of unknown cause, especially involving the lungs with resulting interstitial fibrosis, but also involving lymph node s, skin, liver, spleen, eyes, phalangeal bones, and parotid glands; granulomas are composed of epithelioid and multinucleated giant cells with little or no necrosis. SYN: Besnier-Boeck-Schaumann disease, Besnier-Boeck-Schaumann syndrome, Boeck disease, Boeck sarcoid, sarcoid, Schaumann syndrome. [sarcoid + G. -osis, condition]
- hypercalcemic s. s. with hypercalcemia of unknown cause, not necessarily associated with detectable bone involvement by s..

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sar·coid·o·sis .sär-.kȯid-'ō-səs n, pl -o·ses -.sēz a chronic disease of unknown cause that is characterized by the formation of nodules resembling true tubercles esp. in the lymph nodes, lungs, bones, and skin called also Boeck's disease, Boeck's sarcoid, lupus pernio

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n.
a chronic disorder of unknown cause in which the lymph nodes in many parts of the body are enlarged and small fleshy nodules (see granuloma) develop in the lungs, liver, and spleen. The skin, nervous system, eyes, and salivary glands are also commonly affected (see uveoparotitis), and the condition has features similar to tuberculosis. Recovery is complete with minimal after-effects in two-thirds of all cases.

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sar·coi·do·sis (sahr″koi-doґsis) [sarcoid + -osis] a chronic, progressive, systemic granulomatous reticulosis of unknown etiology, characterized by hard tubercles (q.v.). It can affect almost any organ or tissue, including the skin, lungs, lymph nodes, liver, spleen, eyes, and small bones of the hands and feet. Laboratory findings may include hypercalcemia and hypergammaglobulinemia. There is usually low or absent reactivity to tuberculin, and in active cases the Kveim test is positive. Called also sarcoid, Besnier-Boeck disease, Boeck disease or sarcoid, and Schaumann disease, sarcoid, or syndrome.

Sarcoidosis. High resolution CT scan shows areas of conglomerate fibrosis in a perihilar distribution with associated bronchial distortion and volume loss.


Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • sarcoidosis — f. patol. Enfermedad caracterizada por la aparición de granulomas formados por la proliferación de células reticuloendoteliales, especialmente en la región del mediastino pulmonar. En la mayoría de los casos, dichos granulomas pulmonares suelen… …   Diccionario médico

  • sarcoidosis — 1936, from sarcoid + OSIS (Cf. osis). Sarcoid (1841) is from sarc , Mod.L. comb. form of Gk. sarx flesh (see SARCASM (Cf. sarcasm)) + OID (Cf. oid) …   Etymology dictionary

  • sarcoidosis — [sär΄koi dō′sis] n. [< Gr sarkoeidēs, fleshy (see SARCO & OID) + OSIS] a chronic disease of unknown cause, characterized by the development of lesions similar to tubercles in the lungs, bones, skin, eyes, etc …   English World dictionary

  • sarcoidosis — /sahr koy doh sis/, n. Pathol. a disease of unknown cause, characterized by granulomatous tubercles of the skin, lymph nodes, lungs, eyes, and other structures. [1935 40; < NL; see SARCOID, OSIS] * * * ▪ pathology       systemic disease that is… …   Universalium

  • Sarcoidosis — La sarcoidosis es una enfermedad granulomatosa sistémica, que afecta a todas las razas y fundamentalmente a adultos entre 20 y 40 años. La enfermedad puede manifestarse en cualquier órgano del cuerpo, con mayor frecuencia en el pulmón y ganglios… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • sarcoidosis — An inflammatory disease marked by the formation of granulomas (small nodules of immune cells) in the lungs, lymph nodes, and other organs. Sarcoidosis may be acute and go away by itself, or it may be chronic and progressive. Also called sarcoid …   English dictionary of cancer terms

  • sarcoidosis — noun (plural sarcoidoses) Etymology: New Latin Date: 1936 a chronic disease of unknown cause that is characterized by the formation of nodules especially in the lymph nodes, lungs, bones, and skin …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • sarcoidosis — Disease of unknown aetiology in which there are chronic inflammatory granulomatous lesions in lymph nodes and other organs …   Dictionary of molecular biology


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