scalenus


scalenus
SYN: scalene. [L.]

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sca·le·nus skā-'lē-nəs n, pl sca·le·ni -.nī any of usu. three deeply situated muscles on each side of the neck of which each extends from the transverse processes of two or more cervical vertebrae to the first or second rib:
a) one arising from the transverse processes of the third to sixth cervical vertebrae, inserting on the scalene tubercle of the first rib, and functioning to bend the neck forward and laterally and to rotate it to the side called also anterior scalene, scalenus anterior, scalenus anticus
b) one arising from the transverse processes of the lower six cervical vertebrae, inserting on the upper surface of the first rib, and functioning similarly to the scalenus anterior called also middle scalene, scalenus medius
c) one arising from the transverse processes of the fourth to sixth cervical vertebrae, inserting on the outer surface of the second rib, and functioning to raise the second rib and to bend and slightly rotate the neck called also posterior scalene, scalenus posterior

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n.
one of four paired muscles of the neck (scalenus anterior, medius, minimus, and posterior), extending from the cervical (neck) vertebrae to the first and second ribs. They are responsible for raising the first and second ribs in inspiration and for bending the neck forward and to either side.

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sca·le·nus (ska-leґnəs) [L., from Gr. skalēnos] uneven (scalene); see under musculus.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • scalenus — [skā lē′nəs] n. [LL] a scalene muscle …   English World dictionary

  • scalenus — scale̱nus, ...na, ...num [von gr. σϰαληνος = uneben, ungleich]: ungleichseitig dreieckig; z. B. in der Fügung ↑Musculus scalenus posterior …   Das Wörterbuch medizinischer Fachausdrücke

  • scalenus — [skə li:nəs] noun (plural scaleni nʌɪ) any of several muscles extending from the neck to the first and second ribs. Origin C18: mod. L., from late L. scalenus (musculus) (see scalene) …   English new terms dictionary

  • scalenus — n. one of four paired muscles of the neck (scalenus anterior, medius, minimus, and posterior), extending from the cervical (neck) vertebrae to the first and second ribs. They are responsible for raising the first and second ribs in inspiration… …   The new mediacal dictionary

  • Scalenus — laiptiškasis statusas T sritis gyvūnų anatomija, gyvūnų morfologija atitikmenys: lot. Scalenus ryšiai: platesnis terminas – pagrindiniai terminai …   Veterinarinės anatomijos, histologijos ir embriologijos terminai

  • scalenus — /skay lee neuhs/, n., pl. scaleni / nuy/. Anat. any of three muscles on each side of the neck, the action of which raises the first and second ribs in respiration and assists in bending the neck to one side. [1695 1705; < NL, LL. See SCALENE] * * …   Universalium

  • scalenus — noun The scalene muscle …   Wiktionary

  • scalenus — n. any of the three muscles on the side of the neck that allows lateral movement of the head (Anatomy) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • scalenus — sca·le·nus …   English syllables

  • scalenus — n. (pl. scaleni) any of several muscles extending from the neck to the first and second ribs. Etymology: mod.L: see SCALENE …   Useful english dictionary


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