semisystematic name


semisystematic name
A name of a chemical of which at least one part is systematic and at least one part is not ( i.e., is trivial). For example, calciferol includes the -ol suffix denoting an —OH radical, while calcifer-, which has no systematic meaning, is used only in this word. Cortisone contains the -one suffix, indicating a ketone group, but the rest of the term derives from cortex (adrenal). Hippuric acid (trivial) may be defined as N-benzoylglycine (semitrivial name); benzoyl is systematic for the C6H5–CO– radical, whereas glycine is the trivial name for α-aminoacetic (or 2-aminoethanoic, to be completely systematic) acid, and the N signifies that the benzoyl is attached to the nitrogen of glycine; from this, the structure C6H5–CO–NH–CH2–COOH is uniquely defined. Many generic or nonproprietary name s of drugs, including USAN names, hormones, etc., are semitrivial in this chemical sense, although often termed trivial name s; distinction between trivial and semitrivial is not often made. SYN: semitrivial name.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

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  • semisystematic name — pusiau sisteminis pavadinimas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Cheminio junginio pavadinimas, sudarytas iš sisteminio ir nesisteminio pavadinimo skiemenų. atitikmenys: angl. semisystematic name; semitrivial name rus. полусистематическое… …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • semisystematic — adjective Describing a name, part of which is systematic and part of which is trivial …   Wiktionary

  • systematic name — As applied to chemical substances, a s. is composed of specially coined or selected words or syllables, each of which has a precisely defined chemical structural meaning, so that the structure may be derived from the name. Water (trivial name) is …   Medical dictionary

  • nonproprietary name — A short name (often called a generic name) of a chemical, drug, or other substance that is not subject to trademark (proprietary) rights but is, in contrast to a trivial name, recognized or recommended by government agencies ( e.g., Federal Food… …   Medical dictionary

  • semitrivial name — pusiau sisteminis pavadinimas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Cheminio junginio pavadinimas, sudarytas iš sisteminio ir nesisteminio pavadinimo skiemenų. atitikmenys: angl. semisystematic name; semitrivial name rus. полусистематическое… …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • semitrivial name — SYN: semisystematic name …   Medical dictionary

  • trivial name — A name of a chemical, no part of which is necessarily used in a systematic sense; i.e., it gives little or no indication as to chemical structure. Such names are common for drugs, hormones, proteins, and other biologicals, and are used by the… …   Medical dictionary

  • pusiau sisteminis pavadinimas — statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Cheminio junginio pavadinimas, sudarytas iš sisteminio ir nesisteminio pavadinimo skiemenų. atitikmenys: angl. semisystematic name; semitrivial name rus. полусистематическое название; полутривиальное название …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • полусистематическое название — pusiau sisteminis pavadinimas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Cheminio junginio pavadinimas, sudarytas iš sisteminio ir nesisteminio pavadinimo skiemenų. atitikmenys: angl. semisystematic name; semitrivial name rus. полусистематическое… …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • полутривиальное название — pusiau sisteminis pavadinimas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Cheminio junginio pavadinimas, sudarytas iš sisteminio ir nesisteminio pavadinimo skiemenų. atitikmenys: angl. semisystematic name; semitrivial name rus. полусистематическое… …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas


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