The chemical form to which iodine in the diet is reduced before it is absorbed through the intestinal wall into the bloodstream and carried through the blood to the thyroid gland.
* * *
1. The negative ion of iodine, I. 2. Any salt of hydroiodic acid. 3. Any compound containing an iodine atom linked to a carbon.
- i. peroxidase an oxidoreductase catalyzing reactions between iodine and water to yield i. and H2O2; also catalyzes iodination and deiodination of tyrosine compounds; a deficiency of this enzyme leads to a loss of the iodotyrosine derivatives and iodine from the thyroid and results in goiter. SYN: iodinase, iodotyrosine deiodase.
- sodium i. iodine-131 prepared from radioactive iodine (131I); nominally carrier-free, with a half-life of 8.1 days; used as a diagnostic agent in suspected thyroid disease and in the treatment of selected thyroid diseases.

* * *

io·dide 'ī-ə-.dīd n a salt of hydriodic acid also the monovalent anion I- of such a salt

* * *

io·dide (iґo-dīd) any binary compound of iodine; the I anion. Dietary iodine is reduced to iodide, absorbed in the intestines, and later taken up from the bloodstream by the thyroid gland for incorporation into thyroid hormones.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

См. также в других словарях:

  • iodide — [ī′ə dīd΄] n. [ IOD(O) + IDE] a compound of iodine with another element, as in sodium iodide, NaI, or with a radical, as in methyl iodide, CH3I …   English World dictionary

  • Iodide — I o*dide, n. (Chem.) A binary compound of iodine, or one which may be regarded as binary, in which iodine has a valence of 1; as, potassium iodide. [1913 Webster +PJC] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Iodīde — Iodīde, den Chloriden analoge Verbindungen von Jod mit einem Metall od. anderem positiven Element, die niedrigste Stufe heißt Iodür, die höchste Superjodid …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • iodide — ● iodide nom féminin Réaction cutanée due à l absorption d iode …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • iodide — IODÍDE (med.) Erupţii cutanate, provocate de produse iodice, în special de iodura de potasiu. [< fr. iodides]. Trimis de LauraGellner, 10.05.2005. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

  • iodide — from comb. form of IODINE (Cf. iodine) + IDE (Cf. ide) …   Etymology dictionary

  • iodide — ► NOUN ▪ a compound of iodine with another element or group …   English terms dictionary

  • Iodide — An iodide ion is an iodine atom with a −1 charge [Greenwood Earnshaw] . Compounds with iodine in formal oxidation state −1 are called iodides. This can include ionic compounds such as caesium iodide or covalent compounds such as phosphorus… …   Wikipedia

  • Iodide — Silberiodid Niederschlag im Reagenzglas Kupfer(I)iodid, ein aus …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • iodide — /uy euh duyd , did/, n. Chem. 1. a salt of hydriotic acid consisting of two elements, one of which is iodine, as sodium iodide, NaI. 2. a compound containing iodine, as methyl iodide. [1815 25; IOD + IDE] * * * …   Universalium

Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»