species


species
1. A biologic division between the genus and a variety or the individual; a group of organisms that generally bear a close resemblance to one another in the more essential features of their organization, and breed effectively producing fertile progeny. 2. A class of pharmaceutical preparations consisting of a mixture of dried plants, not pulverized, but in sufficiently fine division to be conveniently used in the making of extemporaneous decoctions or infusions, as a tea. [L. appearance, form, kind, fr. specio, to look at]
- type s. the name of the single s. or of one of the s. of a genus or subgenus when the name of the genus or subgenus was originally validly published.

* * *

spe·cies 'spē-(.)shēz, -(.)sēz n, pl species
1 a) a category of biological classification ranking immediately below the genus or subgenus, comprising related organisms or populations potentially capable of interbreeding, and being designated by a binomial that consists of the name of the genus followed by a Latin or latinized uncapitalized noun or adjective agreeing grammatically with the genus name
b) an individual or kind belonging to a biological species
2) a particular kind of atomic nucleus, atom, molecule, or ion <production of DNA damage by active oxygen \species>

* * *

n.
the smallest unit used in the classification of living organisms. Members of the same species are able to interbreed and produce fertile offspring. Similar species are grouped together within one genu.

* * *

spe·cies (speґshēz) (speґsēz) [L.] 1. a taxonomic category subordinate to a genus (or subgenus), and superior to a subspecies or variety, composed of individuals possessing common characters distinguishing them from other categories of individuals of the same taxonomic level. In taxonomic nomenclature, species are designated by the genus name followed by a Latin or latinized adjective or noun. 2. a group of objects having common attributes.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Species — Spe cies, n. sing. & pl. [L., a sight, outward appearance, shape, form, a particular sort, kind, or quality, a species. See {Spice}, n., and cf. {Specie}, {Special}.] 1. Visible or sensible presentation; appearance; a sensible percept received by …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Species — • In scholastic terminology, species is the necessary determinant of every cognitive process Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Species     Species      …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Species II — Título Especies II (Hispanoamérica) Especie Mortal II (España) Ficha técnica Dirección Peter Medak Dirección artística Mark Zuelzke …   Wikipedia Español

  • Species — Título Species, Especie Mortal Ficha técnica Dirección Roger Donaldson Producción Dennis Feldman Frank Mancuso Jr …   Wikipedia Español

  • Species — (lat. „Anblick“, „Gestalt“, „Erscheinung“) ist: eine Spielfilm Reihe, bestehend aus: Species (Film) (1995) Species II (1998) Species III (2004) Species IV – Das Erwachen (2007) ein numismatischer Begriff, der z. B. im Speciesthaler vorkommt und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • SPECIES — apud incertum Auctorem MS. in Periegesi Orbis rom. His similiter et Seleucie civitas optima, quae et ipsa omnia, quae veniunt, praedictae ANtiochiae offert, et Fiscales Species et Privatas vox est ICtis notissima, quibus idem sonat, quod… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • species — [spē′shēz, ] also [ spē′sēz] n. pl. species [L, a seeing, appearance, shape, kind, or quality < base of specere, to see: see SPY] 1. a distinct kind; sort; variety; class [a species of bravery] 2. Obs. outward form, appearance, or mental image …   English World dictionary

  • species — (n.) 1550s, a classification in logic, from L. species kind, sort, originally appearance, sight, a seeing, related to specere to look at, to see, behold, from PIE *spek (see SCOPE (Cf. scope) (1)). Biological sense is from c.1600. Endangered… …   Etymology dictionary

  • SPECIES —         (лат.) вид. Философский энциклопедический словарь. М.: Советская энциклопедия. Гл. редакция: Л. Ф. Ильичёв, П. Н. Федосеев, С. М. Ковалёв, В. Г. Панов. 1983. SPECIES …   Философская энциклопедия

  • Specĭes — (lat.), 1) Gestalt, Anblick, äußeres Ansehen, Beschaffenheit, Begriff; 2) einzelne Art (s.d. 3) als Unterabtheilung eines Geschlechts (s. Genus 3) od. einer Gattung (s.d. 2); 3) (Grundrechnungen, Grundoperationen), die vier allen übrigen zum… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Species [2] — Species, Speciesthaler, der alte Reichsthaler, harte Thaler, von dem Brustbilde (species) so genannt; der österr. S. = 2 fl. C. M. = 1 Thlr. 12 Sgr., der dän. und norweg. S. = 2 Rthlr. = 1 Thlr. 15 Sgr. 5 Pf., der schwed. S. = 1 Thlr. 16 Sgr. 2… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.