stachybotryotoxicosis


stachybotryotoxicosis
A type of mycotoxicosis seen in horses and cattle following ingestion of hay and fodder overgrown by the fungus Stachybotrys atra; may also occur in humans exposed to hay either by inhalation or by absorbing the toxin through the skin, and is manifested by skin rash, pharyngitis, and mild leukopenia.

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stachy·bot·ryo·tox·i·co·sis .stak-i-.bä-trē-ō-.täk-sə-'kō-səs n, pl -co·ses -.sēz a serious and sometimes fatal intoxication chiefly affecting domestic animals (as horses) that is due to ingestion of a toxic substance elaborated by a mold (Stachybotrys alternans)

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stachy·bot·ry·o·tox·i·co·sis (stak″e-bot″re-o-tok″sĭ-koґsis) mycotoxicosis in livestock caused either by eating contaminated feed or by sleeping on contaminated bedding containing fungi of the genera Stachybotrys or Myrothecium, especially S. alternans, or M. verrucaria, which contain roridins, satrotoxins, and verrucarins. It has been seen in France, southeastern Europe, Brazil, and Russia. Initial symptoms include fever, diarrhea, and incoordination; continued exposure can lead to hemorrhaging in various organs, sometimes followed by coma and death. Humans working in contaminated areas have occasionally also been affected.

Medical dictionary. 2011.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • stachybotryotoxicosis — stach·y·bot·ryo·toxicosis …   English syllables

  • stachybotryotoxicosis — ˌstakə̇ˌbä.trēo+ noun Etymology: New Latin, from Stachybotrys + o + toxicosis : a serious and sometimes fatal intoxication of horses fed on moldy hay that is due to a toxic substance elaborated by a mold (Stachybotrys alternans) …   Useful english dictionary

  • СТАХИБОТРИОТОКСИКОЗ — Рис. 1. Двухнедельная культура гриба Stachybotrys alternans на агаре Чапека. Рис. 1. Двухнедельная культура гриба Stachybotrys alternans на агаре Чапека. стахиботриотоксикоз (Stachybotryotoxicosis), микотоксикоз сельскохозяйственных животных,… …   Ветеринарный энциклопедический словарь

  • trichothecene — tricho·the·cene .trik ə thē .sēn, tri käth ə .sēn n any of several mycotoxins that are produced by various fungi (as of the genera Fusarium and Trichothecium) and that include some contaminants of livestock feed and some held to be found in… …   Medical dictionary

  • roridin — ro·ri·din (roґrĭ din) any of several trichothecene mycotoxins found in species of Stachybotrys, especially S. alternans, causing stachybotryotoxicosis …   Medical dictionary

  • satratoxin — sa·tra·tox·in (saґtrə tok″sin) any of several trichothecene mycotoxins found in species of Stachybotrys, especially S. alternans, causing stachybotryotoxicosis …   Medical dictionary

  • Stachybotrys — Stachy·bot·rys (stak″e botґris) a genus of Fungi Imperfecti of the order Moniliales. S. alterґnans (called also S. atґra or S. chartaґrum), which has been found contaminating animal feed and bedding, contains roridins, satratoxins, and… …   Medical dictionary

  • verrucarin — ver·ru·ca·rin (və rooґkə rin) any of several trichothecene mycotoxins found in species of Stachybotrys, especially S. alternans, causing stachybotryotoxicosis …   Medical dictionary